Environmental Studies Graduate Courses


Our courses use the abbreviations ENST for Environmental Studies and ENSC for Environmental Science.

Course links:

Graduate Course List

ENSC 501: Scientific Approaches to Environmental Problems - 3 cr

Instructor: Len Broberg
Offered autumn. The class is designed to introduce students without a science background to the approach, methodology, and concerns of scientists and scientific institutions. Ultimately the purpose of the class is to equip students with enough familiarity with science to interpret basic scientific materials, gather scientific information and effectively incorporate scientific information in an environmental campaign.

ENST 502: Environmental Law for Non-Lawyers - 3 cr

Instructor: Len Broberg
Offered intermittently. This course will examine environmental law from the perspective of the non-lawyer activist seeking to evaluate the potential for legal action in support of environmental advocacy. The course will briefly review judicial and executive branch structure and basic principles of administrative law and legal procedure. The remainder of the course will be a review of substantive environmental law with an emphasis on public land and natural resources law. Students will learn how to research a legal issue using legal sources (caselaw, statutes and regulations) and interpret those sources. Students will either (1) complete a project with a grassroots organization involving a legal issue or (2) take a midterm and write a paper on a topic relevant to the class.

ENST/PHIL 504: Topics in Environmental Philosophy - 3 cr

Instructor: Deborah Slicer
Offered autumn and spring.  Same as PHL 504.  Prereq., graduate standing. Critical study/discussion of current (as well as benchmark) texts and issues in environmental ethics, environmental politics, and the philosophy of ecology, Interdisciplinary; open to concerned students from all disciplines.

ENST 505: The Literature of Natural History - 3 cr

Instructor: Phil Condon
Offered spring. Study of nature, environmental, and place-based writing, from classical times to the present, with emphasis on the American tradition and its relationship to twenty-first century environmental concerns, challenges, and opportunities, and to the current practice of nature writing and natural history.
The course focus and tentative reading list for spring 2014 semester to be announced.
Open to Grad Students in EVST, ENGL, FOR, HIST, JOUR, NAS, PHIL
Phil Condon, EVST Professor, is author of River Street (stories); Clay Center (novel), Montana Surround: Land, Water, Place, Nature (essays), & Nine Ten Again (stories).  Contact at Rankin Hall room 104, x 2904 / phil.condon at mso.umt.edu for info &/or syllabus

ENST 510 Environmental Issues of Native American Communities - 3 cr

Instructor: Rosalyn LaPier
Offered Spring. This course is a graduate readings course that will provide a historical overview of federal attitudes and policies toward Native Americans in North America and the environmental issues engendered from these policies, focusing on specific topics: pre-contact America, land ownership and stewardship, water rights, and natural resource development.

ENST 513/NRSM 513/LAW 613: Foundations of Natural Resources Conflict Resolution 3 cr

Instructor: Matthew McKinney
Offered fall. Examines the basic framework for preventing and resolving natural resource and environmental conflicts in America. Reviews the history of alternative approaches, emphasizes the theory and practice of collaboration, and considers future trends. This highly interactive course uses lectures, guest speakers, case studies, and simulations. Fall 2011 class meets in UC 330, Tuesdays, 1:00-4:00 p.m.

ENST 515/NRSM 515/COMX 515 - Enviro Negotiation Mediation - 3 cr

Instructor: Matthew McKinney
Offered intermittently. This course prepares students to effectively engage in multiparty negotiation on natural resource and environmental issues. It is grounded in theory and provides an opportunity to develop practical skills in both negotiation and facilitation/mediation. Guest speakers, case studies, and simulations allow students to develop, test, and refine best practices. The course is fast-paced, highly interactive, and serves as the second of three required courses in the Natural Resources Conflict Resolution Program.

ENST 519:  Foundations of Change – 3 cr

Instructor:  Neva Hassanein
Offered fall.  Required of all incoming graduate students in Environmental Studies.  The course aims to strengthen participants’ capacities to effectively meet today’s environmental and social justice challenges.  In this course, participants will:

    • Discover a sense of community and shared experience among graduate students, alumni, and faculty.
    • Gain a deeper understanding of the historical development of the environmental movement(s), and learn about today’s approaches to social change.
    • Explore key concepts, such as:  democracy, citizenship, leadership, and power.
    • Be introduced to skills that will enhance your professional development (e.g., group process, interviewing).
    • Clarify your sense of personal purpose, leadership style, group work, and vision; and use that to inform directions and plans you will take as you proceed with your studies.

ENST 520: Environmental Organizing - 3 cr

Instructor: Neva Hassanein or Robin Saha
Offered spring, intermittently. Anthropologist Margaret Mead once said: "Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world. Indeed, it's the only thing that ever has." She was right. But, how do thoughtful, committed citizens do it? That's what this course is about. The goal is to improve students' understanding of and concrete skills in civic participation. Topics include: theory and practice of social change, issue campaign plans, leadership and group process skills, media and communications, research for organizing, and negotiation.  Through a term project, the course gives you an opportunity gain experience in a supportive setting.

ENST/C&I 521: Foundations in Environmental Education - 3 cr

Instructor: Fletcher Brown
Offered autumn. The goal of ENST/C&I 521 is to provide students with an opportunity to share their previous experiences in teaching about the environment in the formal and non-formal sector and formalize these experiences within the context of the field of EE. In class the major components of EE are explored and characterized using readings and methods which model effective learning. This is followed by an analysis of a variety of curricula and projects that model exemplar environmental education. In addition to classroom activities, discussion and field trips the course involves an applied project.

The aim of the projects is to apply the course work to a real EE setting. Examples of projects completed in the past include developing an in-service workshop in environmental education for the Forestry Department involving ecosystem management, developing an educational trunk for the local Natural History Center, or the development of an interpretive trails and curriculum for K-12 student groups. Readings are selected from numerous authors including: Van Matre, Mayer, Lawson, Hines, Knapp, and Hungerford/Volk. Student assessment involves papers, journals, classroom participation, and the possible development of a portfolio involving a chosen theme involving environmental education.

ENST/C&I 525: Teaching Environmental Science (Teaching Environmental Education Methods) - 1 to 3 cr

Instructor: Fletcher Brown
Offered spring. This course is designed to provide students with background information and skills that will guide them in practicing and enhancing their teaching abilities in environmental education. Throughout the course students will read, discuss, and practice various instructional strategies. This will be accompanied by direct teaching experiences in both the traditional and non-traditional classroom settings. Students will teach in groups of two with one student teaching while the other evaluates and/or videotapes the student. Each student will complete a minimum of three formal teaching experiences, complete a self-evaluation for each teaching experience, evaluate three other students teaching abilities, and present one of their teaching experiences to the class. In addition to teaching, students will be asked to complete two reviews of environmental education curriculum of their choosing.

ENST 530: The Greening of Religion - 3 cr

Instructor: Dan Spencer
Offered intermittantly. With the rise of the environmental movement the past 30 years, there is renewed interest in reexaming and reclaiming religious traditions as a grounding for environmentally rooted spirituality, theology, and ethics. The primary purpose of this course will be to examine diverse religious traditions for what they say about the human relationship with nature/the earth, and to explore the possibility of deriving a "green spirituality/theology" and an "earth ethic" rooted in faith traditions and sustainable community. We will focus on three primary religious traditions: North American Native American religions and spirituality, Christianity, and Buddhism, though contributions from other religious traditions will also be considered. Students wil have the opportunity to meet with diverse members of Missoula's religious communities to discuss their views, experiences and challenges linking religion, spirituality, and the environment, as well as opportunities to participate in religious practices and rituals.

ENST 531: Citizen Participation in Environmental Decisions - 3 cr

Instructor: Len Broberg
Offered spring. Environmental decision-making often occurs in a context of heightened conflict in the western United States. Citizens interested in participating effectively in the evolution of land management policy or other realms of environmental policy have several avenues of recourse available to them. This course will review those methods of citizen participation and focus on the judicial, collaboration, mediation and negotiating processes that resolve land management issues. The course will provide an intro to US administrative law and one process, species management and toxics regulatory law: the National Environmental Policy Act, the Endangered Species Act and the Clean Air Act. Students will be required to complete one or more forms of citizen participation by the end of the semester. Student projects can take many forms, including, but not limited to, environmental education, environmental writing or journalism, public communications and public speaking.

ENST 535: Local Climate Solutions - 3 cr

Instructor: Robin Saha
Offered intermittently. This course seeks to develop students’ understanding and skills for participating in local solutions to climate change that can also support broader conservation, efficiency and sustainability efforts. This will be accomplished by engaging in planning and carrying out group projects that further advance existing climate change mitigation or adaptation efforts.

ENST 537: Building Effective Environmental Organizations - 3 cr

Instructor: Tom Roy
Offered intermittently. Writers provide vision and inspiration; the rest of us realize eventually that if we are to make contributions to change, we shall have to do so with others ... through organizations. And that can be a struggle. This course should teach you how to be more effective at working with groups and through organizations to achieve your goals and reach your visions. Among the topics to be considered are: the nature and structure of non-profits, working with groups, program planning, budgeting, fund-raising, supervising staff and volunteers, developing and maintaining members and other management issues-problems. In addition, particular emphasis will be given to fundraising, writing a grant proposal and making presentations.

Books may include: Michael Seltzer, Securing Your Organization's Future; Norman Kiritz, Program Planning and Proposal writing; Susan Jacobsen, Communication Skills for Conservation Professionals. This course might more appropriately be entitled Management of Nonprofits. I would further note that many entry level professional positions with nonprofit groups call for experience in fund development and fund raising. This course will set you up to be a "qualified" applicant.

ENSC 540: Watershed Conservation - 3 cr

Instructor: Vicki Watson
Offered autumn. Integrates watershed science, policy, planning, action and organizing. The science component explores watershed connections, evaluating change and assessing watershed condition. The policy component explains the scientific basis of national, state and local laws, programs & agencies that affect watersheds. The planning & action component discusses developing watershed conservation plans and selecting actions likely to address problems without creating other problems. The organizing component covers how to help watershed communities make choices, resolve conflicts and build commitment for watershed conservation (& FIND FUNDING!) Students work individually or in teams to assist Montana groups in developing watershed CPR plans, initiating monitoring projects, and/or conducting education projects.

ENST 542: Transboundary Environmental Issues - 3 cr

Instructor: Len Broberg
Offered intermittently in autum with field trip dates in October. Len Broberg and graduate students from The University of Montana Environmental Studies Program join Mike Quinn and graduate students from the University of Calgary for a nine-day trip traveling the Rocky Mountain area from Polebridge, Montana to Crowsnest Pass, Alberta.

The purpose of this course is to give students a transboundary planning, policy and ecology experience. Students will work on a group project oriented to an issue spanning the Canadian/United States border. The course will review the political systems and administrative systems of each country relevant to natural resource policy decision-making as well as the ecological systems in which they occur. Students will have the opportunity to meet and interact with stakeholders in the issue, review pertinent literature and work as a group, dividing tasks, to produce an integrated report of use to decision-makers and citizens on both sides of the border.

Topics Covered:

    • A comparison of Canadian and US legislative structures
    • A comparison of Canadian and US administrative structures
    • A comparison of Canadian and US environmental groups and tactics
    • Private land initiatives and regulation
    • Ecology of the Rocky Mountain Front
    • Resource development strategies of the region

ENST/C&I 548: Supervision and Teaching Environmental Education (Environmental Education Curriculum/Program Development & Assessment) - 3 cr

Instructor: Fletcher Brown
Offered spring. Prereq., ENST 521 or C&I 521. This course is aimed at environmental educators who will be responsible for developing and assessing curriculum and programming in formal and non-formal EE settings. Through discussions, applied research, and presentations, students will build knowledge and skills in curriculum development and assessment. Projects will include a formative curriculum evaluation and an opportunity to develop a curriculum, material, or program for an organization or school. To facilitate skills in curriculum development and assessment, students will begin by developing a personal philosophy of education and exploring topics including constructivist learning theory, experiential education, problem-based and action learning, and other educational approaches of interest to the students.

This course builds skills in designing and implementing innovative environmental education experiences. We'll start by exploring progressive and socially-critical perspectives of EE. Based on the instructor's area of expertise, the course will have an emphasis on EE aimed at developing students' capacities to participate in environmental problem-solving. Course participants will also have the opportunity to reflect on their own perspectives concerning the aim of EE, and to build skills in creating EE experiences to achieve that aim. Through workshop-style class sessions, we'll explore active EE teaching approaches including experiential education, sustainability education, and environmental service-learning. Course projects include evaluating an EE program/material and developing a program/material for a school or other organization. Course participants will pursue individual interests in EE for formal non-formal, and/or community settings. Contact Fletcher Brown at fletcher.brown@mso.umt.edu for more information.

ENSC 550: Pollution Ecology - 3 cr

Instructor: Vicki Watson
Offered spring even-numbered years. Examines sources, fate, and effects of pollutants on organisms and ecosystems; methods of measuring and predicting pollutant fate & effects, assessing & reducing risks, estimating ecosystem assimilation capacity; setting standards and restoring ecosystems damaged by pollution. Briefly examines some relevant laws and policies at the federal, state and local level. Students write 2 papers, one academic, one applied, and present one orally. Students also provide a peer review of another student's paper. Prerequisite: a college ecology course.

ENSC 551/BIOB 551: Environmental Field Study 1-3 cr

Instructor: Vicki Watson
Offered intermittently. Prereq or coreq ENSC 540, 550 or 560. Designing, executing and interpreting environmental field studies. Oriented to studies of aquatic systems and watersheds. Students will assist with a class project and may also pursue their own project. Projects focus on the Clark Fork, Bitterroot & Blackfoot River basins.

ENST 555 / SOC 555: Research Methods for Social Change - 3 cr

Instructor: Neva Hassanein
Offered spring. In recent decades, there has been a quiet "methodological revolution" in the social sciences, reflecting an increased interest in interpretive, qualitative approaches to research and theory. Qualitative research includes a complex, interconnected family of terms, concepts, and assumptions. We will explore the role of qualitative methods in social science research and in social change efforts outside of the academy (e.g., participatory action research). We will study several major approaches to data collection and analysis that fall under the broad umbrella of qualitative research. For the most part, we will look at qualitative inquiry from the perspective of doing research that analyzes and/or facilitates social change (i.e., various forms of action research).

Emphasis will be placed on qualitative research as a process of better understanding human experience in a complex world in order to (1) inform a theoretical argument and/or (2) take action based on that understanding. The course will also raise important issues regarding the practice of science, the relationship of knowledge to democracy, the ethics of research, and the potential for community and professional researchers to collaborate. In addition to readings, lectures, and class discussion, all students will have an opportunity to engage in your own field research project during the semester and to try out the methods learned.

ENST 560: Environmental Impact Analysis - 3cr

Instructor: Vicki Watson
Offered spring in odd-numbered years. Covers legal and scientific aspects of environmental impact analysis (EIA), including: What is required by international, national & state laws & regulations? How to organize an effective interdisciplinary team research effort and public process? How to produce an effective EIA document and meaningful & open decision process? What scientific tools are used in EIA? How could the EIA process be improved?

Each student writes two papers, one academic, one applied, on some aspect of EIA and give at least one presentation. These papers can address an EIA document currently out for public review (or write your own version), critique methods, evaluate EIA procedures or policies, trace history of a concept or policy, or any other approved topic. Group research projects are encouraged.

ENST 561/GPHY 561/LAW 687: Land Use Planning Law - 3 cr

Instructor: Michelle Bryan Mudd
Offered spring. An overview of the law of land use planning, this course examines traditional governmental regulatory land use tools (e.g., planning zoning, subdivision regulation), traditional governmental proprietary land use tools (e.g., infrastructure, transit, publicly owned facilities) and traditional government fiscal tools (e.g., differential tax assessments, special assessments, tax increment financing.) The course also examines modern techniques for land use planning including private techniques (e.g., conservation easements, land trusts, covenants) and government techniques (e.g., performance zoning, transfer of development rights, regional authorities). The course will also consider constitutional limitations on the authority of state and local governments to regulate private land use. The course focuses on the skills of interpreting, drafting and applying state legislation and local ordinances.

ENST 562/GPHY 562/LAW 600: Land Use Planning Clinic - 1 to 6 cr

Instructor: Michelle Bryan Mudd ; Environmental Studies Advisor: Robin Saha
Offered autumn and spring. For academic year 2004-05, Law School fall semester classes begin 8/24/04. Variable 1-6 credits. Prereq or coreq., ENST 561 or GPHY 561. Located on campus, the Land Use Clinic is staffed by law students, graduate students in Environmental Studies and students in land use planning in the Geography Department. Students work with city, town and county attorneys, local planning personnel and citizen boards, assisting them in long-range planning efforts and development of growth management plans, ordinance drafting and other land use issues. Students will travel periodically to the communities for which they are working to meet with local officials and to attend public hearings. Co-requisite: Clinic students must have completed or be enrolled in Land Use Planning Law.

ENST 563/LAW 560: Environmental Law I - 3 cr

Instructor: Elizabeth Kronk
Offered autumn. For academic year 2004-05, Law School fall semester classes begin 8/24/04. The course begins with an introduction to the ecological and economic theories underlying much of modern environmental law. The course also includes a brief review of common law theories of environmental protection and a basic introduction to administrative law. The major substantive topics are the Clean Air Act and the Clean Water Act.

Course Structure and Assessment: Students will work in mock law firms assigned to represent competing interests in sophisticated problems involving the Clean Air Act and Clean Water Act. Class sessions will consist of lectures and class discussions covering the introductory material and the basics of air and water pollution control. Several of the class sessions will consist of individual law firm meetings analyzing the problems and class sessions structured as mock proceedings or negotiations.

Student grades will be based on two minor problems (20%of final grade) and two memoranda prepared individually on issues raised by the law firm problems (80% of final grade).

ENST 564/LAW 649: Environmental Law II - 3cr

Instructor: Elizabeth Kronk
Offered spring. Working in mock law firms assigned to represent competing interests, students address sophisticated problems involving toxic substances, endangered species and environmental analysis. Students prepare written memoranda and participate in mock proceedings on behalf of their "clients."

ENST 565/LAW 654: Public Land & Resources Law - 3 cr

Instructor: Ray Cross
Offered autumn. Students examine how historic, political, and economic concepts shape our public land and natural resources law. Topics for classroom analysis include major policy areas of the federal government's management of public lands and natural resources; the evolving federal statutory and regulatory standards that govern the use of public resources; and federal legislative or administrative reforms.

ENST 566/LAW 619: Advanced Public Land Law - 2cr

Instructor: Ray Cross
Offered spring. The people of Montana and the Pacific Northwest region enjoy a unique and unrivaled abundance of public natural resources. But fundamentally differing visions of public land stewardship divides the citizens of this region. Students will analyze these competing visions of land stewardship in the context of four major public natural resource areas: minerals, wildlife; forests and wilderness.

Students will assess how these competing land stewardship strategies impact or affect existing legal, economic and institutional arrangements. Students will evaluate emerging land and resource management theories that seek to accommodate or reconcile competing public and private interests in these public natural resource areas. Student participation is emphasized through classroom discussions, case presentations and exercises. Students are required to prepare and present an individual research paper on a relevant topic in public natural resources law.

ENST 567/LAW 663: Water Law - 3 cr

Instructor: Michelle Bryan Mudd
Water law examines the historical events, customs and policies that led to our current regulations governing the use and allocation of water. The course then examines modern-day water regulations and water-related issues - from water marketing, to instream flow, to tribal water rights and climate change.

Then course compares the differences between water law in the eastern and western United States, and then focuses on the Rocky Mountain West and the variations among the states in our region. Alongside a selection of regional readings, students also will study the specific water laws of Montana.

Finally, students will practices some of the primary skills needed to be a water lawyer, including researching and analyzing water rights, handling water rights in a real estate transaction, and appearing before the Montana Water Court in adjudication proceedings.

ENST 570: Ethical Issues of Ecological Restoration - 3 cr

Instructor: Dan Spencer
Offered autumn. With the increasing ability to use science and technology to restore damaged ecosystems comes a host of ethical and philosophical issues. Built around collaboration with the Clark Fork Coalition and other organizations carrying out restoration projects in the Clark Fork River basin and western Montana, in this class we will examine many of these issues while participating in developing and carrying out restoration plans along the Clark Fork River. Specifically we will look at the work of the Watershed Restoration Coalition on restoration in the Deer Lodge valley, and the restoration of the Clark Fork Coalition's Dry Cottonwood ranch near Deer Lodge. A central theme in this class is integrating the restoration of ecosystems with the restoration of human communities to create sustainable bioregions and landscapes. We would be looking at developing a "restoration ethic" as a philosophical and moral grounding for this work, with the premise that restoring the earth requires restoring ourselves to the earth in the process.

ENST 573: Environmental Writing - 3 cr

Instructor: Phil Condon
Environmental Writing is a writing workshop class designed to help you practice and improve your writing skills on environmental subjects and concerns for a general audience. I intend the course to inspire, challenge, hone, and encourage your writing, as it also challenges and broadens your reading. We create a community of writers based in honesty, courtesy, commitment to craft, and shared enthusiasms--for good writing and a more thoughtful world. I have faith you'll write work that surprises and challenges yourself, your classmates, and me, and whether directly or serendipitously, work that might engage, enliven, and wake up a weary world.

The course requires 4 main works: 2 original essays, plus a significant revision of one (your choice), plus a polished edit of the other. Student work will be read and discussed by class, with an eye to specific writing questions, problems, solutions, and opportunities each essay presents. The revision and the edit are due to me by finals week. One essay should fall in a shorter range (5-10 pgs) & one should fall in longer range (10-20 pgs). There are also additional smaller related assignments throughout the semester. Outside readings include contemporary and classic essays on ERES at Mansfield Library. Required: Pocket Style Manual, Hacker.

ENST 575/COMM 575: Seminar: Rhetoric and Environmental Controversy - 3 cr

Instructor: Steve Schwarze
Offered intermittently. The study of how advocates use symbols to influence meaning and action in environmental controversies. Rhetorical concepts used to examine recurring strategies and tactics in specific controversies.

ENST/NRSM 579/LAW 679: Practicum in Natural Resources Conflict Resolution - 3 cr

Instructor: Matt McKinney
Offered every semester. Prerequisite, ENST 513 or consent of instructor. Designed as the capstone experience of the Natural Resources Conflict Resolution Program. Provides practical experience in multi-party collaboration and conflict resolution. Students may design their own project in consultation with the director of the NRCR Program, or participate in a project organized and convened by faculty. Projects may be conducted year-round. The practicum is repeatable.

ENST 580: Politics of Food - 3 cr

Instructor: Neva Hassanein
The contemporary food and agricultural system is contested terrain.  A wide variety of actors are now engaged in the politics of food.  In this case, “politics” refers broadly to the ways various actors (government, businesses, institutions, and organizations) with different beliefs, principles, or interests try to advance or defend their positions in the very complex sphere of food and agriculture.  The purpose of this graduate seminar is to study and analyze some of recent debates – and critical social and ecological concerns – regarding today’s agrifood system.  Through a selection of interdisciplinary scholarship often referred to as “agrifood studies” and through critical reflection and discussion on the readings, this seminar provides participants with a solid grounding that will enable you to pursue academic and civic work on these issues in the future.  In addition to substantive knowledge about selected topics, you will gain critical thinking, research, writing, and presentation skills. 

ENST 590 Supervised Internship: Native Plant Stewardship and Ethnobotany - 3 cr

Instructor: Rosalyn LaPier with Marilyn Marler
Offered Fall & Spring. Interns will work on campus learning about Native plants, ethnobotany, invasive species, landscaping and restoring natural areas, in collaboration with UM's Manager of Natural Areas, Marilyn Marler. Students will meet once a week with instructors, plus work 6 hours per week on a project on campus.

ENST 590: Supervised Internship PEAS (Program in Ecological Agriculture and Society)- 2 cr

Instructor: Josh Slotnick
Weekly lecture and linked sections for internship meet at the PEAS Farm, 3010 Duncan Drive, in the Rattlesnake area of Missoula. Offered autumn, spring and summer.

    • SPRING Begins last week of February and finishes the same date as spring semester end date. Work on the farm will begin in late February in the greenhouse until the ground thaws and the soil is workable. In the greenhouse we will be making potting mixes, sowing seeds, transplanting and learning about greenhouse plant maintenance. We will also take care of general spring upkeep on the farm. As the weather warms and we work outside, we will learn about springtime biological and horticultural issues pertinent to raising produce, herbs and flowers. We will consider fertility and soil health, weed management, preventative as well as curative pest control, and farm planning. We will share weekend watering responsibilities for the field and the greenhouse. Graduate students will play a leadership role with the undergraduates on the farm and work closely with Josh, Tim and the 2nd years to plan for the summer. The graduate class will also work together on one specific project that benefits the farm. This can be anything from construction to written work.
    • SUMMER A combination of four, 4-hour days of work on the farm, with one hour of formal class and a field trip each Friday to an area farm (returning at 1:00 p.m.). The formal portion focuses on Agro-ecology. Students will examine crucial scientific production issues, i.e., soil fertility, weed management, crop physiology, and pest management in light of the health of the whole system. Each week a different subject will be addressed in lecture. We will attempt to consider the long-term ecological effects of common agricultural practices as they come up within different subject areas.

Monday though Thursday, 8:00 - 12:00, students will do the work necessary to run a diverse and productive 4-acre vegetable farm. Graduate students take on a leadership/supervisory role. Students learn and understand the culture of the major vegetable crop families, become familiar with common techniques for building soil, managing weeds and dealing with local pest populations. Students will also gain an appreciation for the tight western Montana growing season and learn some strategies to work within those limits. Throughout the season students manage the irrigation on the weekends. By the end of the season students will be well acquainted with some of the technical issues growers face. The educational aim here is not to provide universal and definitive answers to those issues, rather to gain understanding of the issues themselves.

Each week produce is distributed through our Community Supported Agriculture Cooperative (CSA). Graduate students manage the CSA, oversee set-up and distribution of produce and create weekly newsletters for members.
The class runs 8:00 - 12:00, but students don't leave immediately at noon. Each day two students make lunch for the rest of class from the food we have been growing. The lunch portion of the class is optional.

AUTUMN Begins in August with the beginning of autumn semester and ends last week of October. Students work 6 hours each week in two, 3-hour sections. There will be one 1-hour linked section each week when all the students enrolled will be at the farm at the same time. Fall completes the growing season. Besides experiencing the fall biological and ecological demands of a small, diversified vegetable farm, graduate students gain first hand experience with community outreach. Students will organize two community events held each fall, at the farm and on campus. They will oversee logistics, publicity and day-of-the-show management. They will gain skills applicable to any organization that does periodic public education and outreach. They will also learn harvest and post-harvest care of mainstay storage crops grown for the Missoula Food Bank: carrots, onions, potatoes, and winter squash. Biologically and ecologically, fall is both the end and the beginning of the farming year. Just as students are getting in the last of the winter storage crops, they are planting cover crops and making compost for the next year. Students will gain an appreciation for the cyclical nature of this work and an understanding of the biological linkage of the seasons.

ENST 593: Professional Paper - variable credit

Offered autumn and spring. Prereq., graduate standing in Environmental Studies.

ENSC/ENST 594: Graduate Seminar - 3 cr

Instructor: Varies
Offered autumn and spring. Prereq., graduate standing in Environmental Studies or consent of instructor. In-depth analysis of a current environmental topic. Check Special Offerings for listings.

ENSC/ENST 595: Special Topics - variable credit

Instructor: Varies
Offered autumn and spring. Prereq., graduate standing in Environmental Studies or consent of instructor. Experimental offerings of visiting professors, experimental offerings of new courses, or one-time offerings of current topics. Check Special Offerings for listings.

ENSC/ENST 596: Independent Study - variable credit

Offered autumn and spring. Prereq., graduate standing in Environmental Studies . Work on selected problems by individual students under direct faculty supervision.

ENST 597: Research - variable credit

Offered autumn and spring. Prereq., graduate standing in Environmental Studies. Directed individual graduate research and study appropriate to background and objectives of the student.

ENSC/ENST 598: Internship - variable credit

Offered autumn and spring. Prereq., graduate standing in Environmental Studies. Practical application of classroom learning during placements off campus.

ENST 599: Thesis - variable credit

Offered autumn and spring. Prereq., graduate standing in Environmental Studies.