Faculty Profile

Bradley Layton

Bradley Layton

Associate Professor

Email: bradley.layton@umontana.edu
Office: Missoula College
Personal Website

Current Position

Associate Professor, Applied Computing and Engineering Technology Department

Director, Energy Technology Program

Personal Summary

Bradley Layton is an Associate Professor in the Applied Computing and Engineering Technology Department at Missoula College - UMontana where he directs the Energy Technology Program. This progressive curriculum offers students the opportunity to gain a perspective on human energy consumption and to be a part of developing emerging sustainable energy technologies related to photovoltaics, wind, biomass, geothermal, human power, and hydrogen technologies. The two-year degree in Energy Technology is available online and attracts students from across the nation and around the world. Partnered with the University of Montana's Climate Change Studies Minor, the program is highly interdisciplinary and enjoys a growing alumni base.

Several hands-on learning experiences are available through the Shell EcoMarathon and the ASME Human-Powered Vehicle Challenge as well as their Summer Energy Practicum course which has featured innovative projects such as solar thermal engines and lighter-than-air wind turbines.

Layton holds affiliated faculty appointments in the University of Montana’s Biophysics and Biochemistry Program, the Climate Change Studies Program and the Environmental Studies Department.

His PhD in biomedical engineering and MS in Mechanical Engineering were earned at The University of Michigan. He also holds an SB in mechanical engineering from MIT, as well as a professional engineering license in Montana. He is an Editor for the Institute of Electrical Engineering and Electronics, and a member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineering. He has 70+ publications and abstracts in nanotechnology, biotechnology, and sustainable energy technology.

Layton currently enjoys his interactions with the Missoula business community, his Blackfeet Community College colleagues, as well as students and faculty in the Missoula County Public School System.

He is an avid bicycle builder, cyclist, and kayaker. He lives with his wife and two children in the Rattlesnake Valley.


SB MechE MIT `92

MS MechE UMich `00

PhD Biomed Eng UMich `03




Layton, B.E. et al. “Cell and Protein Mechanics” B.E. Layton, Editor. Pan Stanford Publishing: 978-981-4316-83-5 (Hardcover); 978-981-4613-44-6 (eBook).

Layton, B.E. “Mechanoevolution” Bentham Science Publishers (invited, in preparation)

Layton, B.E. “Landfill Free in Missoula Montana: A personal account and how-to guide on rethinking waste in the Last Best Place” (in preparation)

Book chapters

  1. Layton, B.E. 2012. “The Role of MechanoEvolution in Predicting Future Technologies” in Systems Engineering for Micro and Nano Scale Technologies. Jonathan W. Plant, Janet L. Barth, M. Ann Garrison Darrin, Eds. Taylor & Francis / CRC Press Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, Editor (invited)
  2. Layton, B.E. and M. Brent Boyd. 2011. "Atomic Force Microscopy of Isolated Mitochondria” In: Atomic Force Microscopy: Methods and Protocols in Biomedical Applications, 736 pp. 133-151. P.C. Braga and D. Ricci, Eds. (invited) PMID: 21660726.

Archival/refereed papers

  1. Peters, T., Lynch, B., Layton, B.E., Jamieson, B.G., 2012. “A Space-Based Electrical Impedance Hematology Analyzer,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 22 (2) 1-7.
  2. Allen, K.B. and Layton, B.E. 2010. “Determination of the Mechanical Properties of DOPC:DOPS Liposomes using an Image Procession Algorithm and Micropipette-Aspiration Techniques” Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 163 (8) 787-93. PMID: 20863821
  3. Layton, B.E., M. Tripepi, B. Bitonti, N. Dollahon, RA Balsamo. 2010. “De novo synthesis of a 31 kD dehydrin coincides with AFM-resolved cellulose microfibril rearrangements in the dry state for the resurrection fern Polypodium polypodioides” American Journal of Botany 97 (4) 535-544. PMID: 21622416
  4. Allen K., and Layton B.E. 2009. “Determination of the Forces Imposed by Micro and Nanopipettes during DOPC:DOPS Liposome Manipulation” Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 162 34-52. PMID: 19665459.
  5. Allen K., F.M. Sasoglu, and Layton, B.E., 2009. “Cytoskeleton-Membrane Interactions in Neuronal Growth Cones: A Finite Analysis Study” Journal of Biomechanical Engineering-Transactions of the ASME, 131(2) 1-10. PMID: 19102565.
  6. F. Mert Sasoglu, Andrew Bohl, Layton, B.E. 2009. “Parallel force measurement with a polymeric microbeam array using an optical microscope and micromanipulator” Computer Methods & Programs in Biomedicine, 93 1-8. PMID: 18774621.
  7. J. Andrew Goshorn, Edward M. Deegan, and Layton, B.E. 2010. “Spare Part Storage Optimization Onboard Deployable Military Support Assets” Naval Engineers Journal 122, (1) 137-47.
  8. Layton, B.E. 2008. “Practical and Theoretical Energy Density Calculations of Prevalent Energy Sources,” International Journal of Green Energy 5 (6) 438-455.
  9. Zeiger, A. Layton, B.E. 2008. “Molecular Modeling of the Axial and Circumferential Elastic Moduli of Tubulin,” Biophysical Journal, 95 3606-3618. PMID: 18621829.
  10. Layton, B.E. Adam D’Souza, Adam Zeiger, Alia Sabur, William Dampier 2008. “Collagen’s triglycine repeat length may help to explain an interdomain transfer event from a eukaryote into Trichodesmium erythraeum” Journal of Molecular Evolution, 66 (6) 539-554. Cover Image. PMID: 18521530.
  11. Layton, B.E. 2008. “Recent Patents in Bionanotechnologies: Nanolithography, Bionanocomposites, Cell-Based Computing and Entropy Production.” Recent Patents in Nanotechnology, 2 (2) 72-83.
  12. Mulero, R. Layton, B.E. 2007. “Optimization of a Stamping Blank Layout for Use on Pre-Cut Sheet Metal” Journal of Manufacturing Systems 26 (1) 1-12.
  13. Sasoglu, F.M. Bohl, A.J., Layton, B.E. 2007. “Design and microfabrication a high-aspect-ratio tapered PDMS microbeam array for parallel nanoscale force measurement and protein printing.” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 17 623-632.
  14. Layton, B.E., Sastry, A.M., 2006. “An Equal and Local-Load-Sharing Failure-Mechanics Model for Peripheral Nerve Extracellular Matrix in Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Rats.” Acta Biomaterialia 2 (6) 595-607. PMID: 16905373.
  15. Gadia, V., Roy, S., Venkatesh, N., Lunagaria, S., Patel, R., Layton, B.E. 2005. “Towards Nanotechnology for All.” News from the Bottom, Volume 1, Issue 2
  16. Gadia, V., Roy, S., Venkatesh, N., Lunagaria, S., Patel, R., Layton, B.E.  2005. “Construction of an Educational Model of an Atomic Force Microscope.”  The Nanotechnology Group Volume 4, Number 7.
  17. Layton, B.E., Sullivan, S.M., Palermo, J.J., Buzby, G.J., Gupta, R., Stallcup III, R.E., 2005. “Nanomanipulation and Aggregation Limits of Self-Assembling Structural Proteins,” MicroElectronics Journal 36 (7) 644-649.
  18. Layton, B.E., Sastry, A.M., 2004. “A Mechanical Model for Collagen Fibril Load Sharing in the Peripheral Nerve of Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Rats.” ASME Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 126, 803-814. PMID: 15796339.
  19. Layton, B. E., Sastry, A. M., Lastoskie, C. M., Philbert, M. A., Miller, T. J., Sullivan, K.A., Feldman, E.L., Wang C.-W., 2004. “In Situ Imaging of Mitochondrial Outer Membrane Pores Using Atomic Force Microscopy.” Biotechniques 37, 564-573. PMID: 15517968.
  20. Layton, B.E., Sastry, A.M., Sullivan, K.A., Feldman, E.L., Wang, H., Philbert, M.A., Komorowski, T.E., 2004. “Differences between Collagen Morphologies, Properties and Distribution in Diabetic and Normal BioBreeding and Sprague-Dawley Rat Sciatic Nerves.” Journal of Biomechanics 37 (6) 879-888. PMID: 15111075.
  21.  Wang, H., Layton, B.E., Sastry, A.M., 2003. “Nerve Collagens from Diabetic and Non-diabetic Sprague-Dawley and BioBreeding Rats: An Atomic Force Microscopy Study.” Diabetes Metabolism Research and Reviews 19 (4) 288-298. PMID: 12879406
  22. Cheng, X., Sastry, A.M., Layton, B.E., 2001. “Transport in Stochastic Fibrous Networks.” Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology 123 (1) 12-19.

Journal papers in press

Bela Peethambaran, Merewyn Boak, Xiang Wenxi, M. Brent Boyd, Bradley E. Layton, Balsamo Ronald “Role of 14-3-3λ in Arabidopsis thaliana during drought stress" submitted to Journal of Biomechanics December 2014

Journal papers submitted and in review

Layton, B.E. “Anthropogenic entropy acceleration and its relationship to Shannon information in the context of socioeconomics” submitted to International Journal of Design & Nature and Ecodynamics March 7, 2015

Journal papers in preparation

Helms, S. and Layton, B.E., “Computational Fluid Dynamics simulation of a Hybrid Savonius-Darrieus Wind Turbine for Urban Use”

Marks, M. Layton, B.E. Lowman, A. “Atomic Force Microscopy as a Tool for Determining Adhesion of Poly Methacrylic Acid pH sensitive Hydrogels in vitro

Layton, B.E. “Selective Pressure for Axial Stiffness Drives Tubulin Towards Anisotropy”

Abay, A. and Layton, B.E. “Design of a Solar Tower for the Rift Valley”

Bohl, A.J. Layton, B.E., and Moxon, K. “Insertion Mechanics of Silicon Brain Electrodes”

Boyd, M.B., Balsamo, R.A. and Layton, B.E. “Leaf Mechanics of Arabidopsis thaliana

Technical reports

  1. Layton, B.E. 2008. Final report for Pennsylvania Department of Community and Economic Development award, “A Green Alternative to Municipal Maintenance”
  2. Layton, B.E. 2007. Internal report for “A Bioresorbable Staple with Growth Factor,” submitted to Coulter Foundation.
  3. Layton, B.E. 2006. Final report for Pennsylvania Health Department award, “Nanoscience meets Nanotechnology”
  4. Layton, B.E. 2005. Final report for NSF-DMII MRI award, “Acquisition of a Nanomanipulation Device for Biological, Electronic and Optoelectronic Samples and Devices”

Application notes

  1. Rishi Gupta, Aaron Geisberger, Gareth Hughes (Zyvex Corporation), Dr. Bradley Layton (Drexel University), Zyvex Application Note 9710: “Manipulation of Collagen for Mechanical Characterization” http://www.zyvex.com/Products/CFMC_001a.html


Conference papers and abstracts published

  1. Layton, B.E. “Anthropogenic entropy acceleration and its relationship to Shannon information in the context of socioeconomics” 5th International Conference on Energy and Sustainability, December 16-18, 2014, Wessex Institute, Putrajaya, Malaysia.
  2. Layton, B.E. “Mechanoevolution: An Examination of the Coevolution of Humans and Technology” Inaugural meeting of the International Big History Association, August 5, 2012, Grand Rapids, MI
  3. Marks, F.M., Layton, B.E., Lowman, A.M. 2012 “AFM Force Mapping Method for Quantifying Adhesion Energy of Poly Methacrylic Acid pH-sensitive Hydrogels In Vitro” 34th Annual IEEE-EMBS Annual Conference, San Diego, CA Aug 28 -  Sep 1.
  4. Layton, Bradley “Energy Technology Program at The University of Montana College of Technology” UM + MCPS: Transforming Public Education Through Collaboration and Innovation May 9, 2012
  5. Bradley Layton, 2011, “The Application of Game Theory to Thermoeconomics IMECE2011‑62681” ASME International Congress and Exposition, November 11 – 17, Denver, Colorado.
  6. Bradley Layton, 2010, “Mechanoevolution” ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, November 12 – 18, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
  7. Bradley Layton and Brandon Tolle, 2010, “Predicting Material Anisotropy at the Molecular Scale across all Sequenced Tubulins,” ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, November 12 – 18, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
  8. Dana Denick, Jay Bhatt and Bradley Layton, 2010. “Citation Analysis of Engineering Design Reports for Information Literacy Assessment” American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference and Exposition, June 20 – 23, Louisville, KY
  9. Simara Price, Bradley Layton, Maliha Ahmed, Shivanthi Anandan, 2010. “Towards Development of a Genetic System in Trichodesmium erythraeum,” 110th General Meeting for the American Society of Microbiology. May 23 – 27 San Diego, CA
  10. Michael Marks, Bradley Layton, and Tony Lowman, 2010. “Atomic Force Microscopy as a Tool for Determining Mucosin Adhesion In Vitro,” Society for Biomaterials, April 21 – 24, Seattle, WA.
  11. Justin Warren, Yury Gogotsi and Bradley Layton 2010. “Mechanical Properties of Assembled Nanopipettes” ASME Global Congress on NanoEngineering for Medicine and Biology (NEMB 2010), Feb 7 – 10, Houston, TX
  12. M. Brent Boyd and Bradley Layton, 2009 “Nanomechanics of Arabidopsis thaliana” ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition November 13 – 19, 2009, Orlando, Florida (abstract and podium only)
  13. Bradley Layton, 2009 “Fighting Fire with Fire: Information Theory Battles Global Warming,” ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition November 13 – 19, 2008, Orlando, Florida (abstract and podium only)
  14. Bradley Layton and Ronald Balsamo “Nanomechanics of Drought Tolerance” CREES/USDA Grantees Conference, September Sept 27 – 28, Santa Fe New Mexico.
  15. Andrew Bohl and Bradley Layton “Energy Analysis of Sustainable Transportation” ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition November 2 – 6, 2008, Boston, Massachusetts (abstract and podium only)
  16. Andrew Bohl and Bradley Layton “Mechanical Property Measurement of PLGA for Surgical Device Manufacturing” ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition November 2 – 6, 2008, Boston, Massachusetts (abstract and podium only)
  17. Benjamin Legum and Bradley Layton “Nanofabrication Strategy for Carbon-Nanotube Pipettes” ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition November 2 – 6, 2008, Boston, Massachusetts (abstract and podium only)
  18. Kate Allen and Bradley Layton, “A Mechanical Model for Cytoskeleton and Membrane Interactions in Neuronal Growth Cones,” ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition November 11 – 15, 2007, Seattle, Washington
  19. Bradley Layton, Lauren Jablonowski, Ryan Kirby, Nick Lampe “Bicycle Infrastructure Development Strategy for Suburban Commuting,” ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition November 11 – 15, 2007, Seattle, Washington
  20. Stephanie Sullivan, Brian Jamieson, Bernard Lynch, and Bradley Layton “Cell Sorting Evaluation of a Multi-Bed Microfabricated Hematology Analyzer,” ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition November 11 – 15, 2007, Seattle, Washington
  21. Adam Zeiger and Bradley Layton, “Tublulin Mechanics: A Molecular Mechanics Study of all Known Tubulin Structures,” ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition November 11 – 15, 2007, Seattle, Washington. (abstract only)
  22. Bradley Layton and Ronald Balsamo, “An Orthotropic Material Mechanics Model of Cellulose Wall Structure Derived From in situ AFM of the Drought-Resistant Fern Polypodium polypodioides,” ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition November 11-15, 2007, Seattle, Washington. (abstract only)
  23. F Mert Sasoglu, Devrim Kilinc, Kathleen Allen and Bradley Layton, “Towards a Method for Printing a Network of Chick Forebrain Neurons for Biosensor Applications,” IEEE-EMBC Annual Meeting, Lyon, France, August 23-26, 2007.
  24. Legum, B., Cooper, R., Gogotsi, Y., Layton, B.E. “The Effect of Deformation on Room Temperature Coulomb Blockade using Conductive Carbon Nanotubes,” IEEE-EMBC Annual Meeting, Lyon, France, August 23-26, 2007. PMID: 18002930.
  25. Adam Zeiger and Bradley Layton, “A Molecular Mechanics Model for Axial Elastic Modulus Prediction of Tubulin” ASME Applied Mechanics and Materials Conference, Austin, Texas, June 3-7, 2007. (invited, abstract only)
  26. Bradley Layton and Adam D’Souza, “The Bonds That Make Us Big: The Collagen Goldilocks Hypothesis,” ASME Applied Mechanics and Materials Conference, Austin, Texas, June 3-7, 2007. (invited, abstract only)
  27. Ronald A. Balsamo, Manuela Tripepi, Natalie Algar, Jill M. Farrant, and Bradley E. Layton, “Whole leaves to cellulose microfibrils: Mechanical, molecular, and architectural approaches to study wall in-folding in vegetative tissues of desiccation tolerant plants.” 5th Internatinal Workshop on Desiccation Sensitivity and – Tolerance in Seed and Vegitative Plant Tissues, 14 - 21 January, 2007, Drakensberg, South Africa
  28.  Layton, B.E., Tamayne, D. Dolin, M. Gallagher, M. “An Integrated Atomic Force Microscopy Nanomanipulation Stage for Biological Samples,” Seeing at the Nanoscale IV, July 17-20, 2006, Philadelphia, PA.
  29. Sasoglu FM, Bohl AJ, Layton BE 2006. .Microfabrication Procedure of PDMS Microbeam Array using Photolithography for Laminin Printing and Piconewton Force Transduction on Axons. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 1:2844-7. PMID: 17946983
  30.  Patel, R., Legum, B., Gogotsi, Y., Layton, B.E., “Parameterization of a Piezoelectric Nanomanipulation Device,” Proceedings of ESDA2006 8th Biennial ASME Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, July 4-7, 2006, Torino, Italy.
  31. Sullivan, S.M., Jamieson, B.J., Layton, B.E., “A Micro-Fabricated Electrical Impedance Based Hematology Analyzer,” ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. November 5-11, 2005, Orlando, FL
  32. Allen, K.B., Sasoglu, F.M., Layton, B.E., “Mechanical Neural Growth Models,” ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. November 5-11, 2005, Orlando, FL
  33. Layton, B.E., Jamieson, B.J., Sullivan, S.M. 2005. “A Micro-Fabricated Electrical-Impedance-Based In-Flight Hematology Analyzer,” 3rd Annual Conference on Microchannels and Minichannels. June 13-15, Toronto, Canada.
  34. Layton, B.E., Allen, K.B., Stokes, M.D., Myers, K.A., Baas, P.W., 2005. “Towards a Method for Peripheral Nervous System Axonal Stiffness Measurements with MEMS-based Microgrippers,” 2nd Annual IEEE-EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, March 16-19, Arlington, VA.
  35. Layton, B.E., Fontecchio, A., Ko, F., Nabet, B., Spanier, J. 2005. ”Acquisition of a Zyvex L100 nanomanipulation device for biological, electronic, and optoelectronic samples and devices.” Design, Service and Manufacturing Research and Grantees Conference, Jan 3-6.Tempe, AZ
  36. Layton, B.E. 2004. “Nanomanipulation and Aggregation Limits of Self-Assembling Structural Proteins” European Micro and Nano Systems, October 20-21, Paris France
  37. Layton, B.E. 2004. “Self-Assembly Limits in Structural Proteins” Proceedings of ASME Integrated Nanosystems, September 22-24, Pasadena, CA
  38. Layton, B.E., Gupta, R., Jackson, N.L., Shah, A.J., Stallcup, R.E., III, Sullivan, S.M., 2004. “Nanomanipulation and Characterization Of Structural Proteins” 26th Annual International Conference IEEE-EMBS Sep 1-5, Francisco, CA. PMID: 17270802.
  39. Layton, B.E.  2004 “A Mechanics-Based Model for the Collagen Fibril Aggregation Limit” October 13-16, 2004, Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Fall Meeting, Philadelphia, PA
  40. Layton, B.E. Sastry, A.M., 2003. Mitochondrial Pore Imaging via AFM. BMES Annual Fall Meeting. Oct 1-4, Nashville, TN.
  41. Layton, B.E. 2003. Implications of hexagonal close-packing in a finite domain on self-assembly of nanofibrous materials. NATO-Advance Study Institute (ASI) Nanoengineered Nanofibrous Materials. Sep 1-12, Antalya Turkey.
  42. Chenevert, T.L., Layton, B.E., Johnson, T.D., Schepkin, V.D., Ross, B.D. 2003. A Model of Temporal Dependence in Therapy-Induced ADC Change, ISMRM 11th Scientific Meeting and Exhibition, Toronto July 10-16.
  43. Layton, B.E., Sastry, A.M., 2002. Damage in the heterogeneous ECM of peripheral nerves due to diabetes. ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress, November 17-22, New Orleans, LA.
  44. Layton, B.E., Sastry, A.M., Wang, H., Sullivan, K.A., 2002. A model for pressure enhancement in the diabetic nerve: simulations of diabetic rat peripheral nerve and nerve collagens. 24th Annual Conference and the Annual Fall Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society] EMBS/BMES Conference, 2002. Proceedings of the Second Joint, Volume: 1, 450 -451.
  45. Sastry, A.M.; Layton, B.E.; Wang, H.; Sullivan, K.A.; Philbert, M.A.; Komorowski, Mechanical and structural changes in diabetic rat peripheral nerve collagens Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings, v 1, 2002, p 432-433
  46. Layton, B.E., Sastry, A.M., Sullivan, K.A., Feldman, E.L., 2000. Remodeling of Peripheral Nerve Tissue in Diabetic Rats. International ASME Congress, November 5-10, Orlando, FL

Patents and Provisional Patents

  1. Bradley Layton and Gregory Buzby “An Integrated Atomic Force Microscopy Nanomanipulation Platform” Issued January 19, 2010. Patent number 7,647,848.
  2. Smith, Layton and Brown “Electromechanical Roadway Energy Scavenging Device” Submitted February 16, 2013.
  3. Bradley Layton and Nicholas Haas, “Vertical Axis Wind Turbine,” (submitted)
  4. Ari Brooks, Margaret Wheatley, Bradley Layton “A Surgical Stapler,” (pending)
  5. Ari Brooks, Margaret Wheatley, Bradley Layton “A Surgical Staple, with Elution Drug,” (pending)
  6. Bradley Layton “A Pontoon Rowing Boat” (provisional patent, submitted November 29, 2005)


News Appearances

  1. Cited on Mountain West News for developing a multi-tiered post-secondary education structure in energy technology as part of the Department of Labor Trade Adjustment Act Community College Training Strengthening Workforce Alignment in Montana’s Manufacturing and Energy Industries. http://mountainwestnews.org/Page3.aspx?a=Perspectives&ID=179 Nov 20, 2014.
  2. Interview with Bob Seidenschwarz on KGVO’s “Talk Back” Discussed global energy supply as well as opportunities to join the Energy Technology Program. Wednesday May 8, 2012.
  3. “Tim Chester builds his future in green energy” Kaimen, Wednesday October 24, 2012 by Alison Mills http://www.montanakaimin.com/news/tim-chester-builds-his-future-in-green-energy-1.2935442#.UImdo4ZU2So
  4. “Energy from the sun: Solar-powered car on display for energy fair in Butte” Montana Standard, Friday July 20, 2012 by Piper Haugan http://mtstandard.com/news/local/energy-from-the-sun-solar-powered-car-on-display-for/article_e4d86d10-d21e-11e1-b221-0019bb2963f4.html
  5. “One in 15,000 feature of UM Solar Car Team” Kaimin Friday April 6th 2012
  6. “UM Solar Car competes in Houston” Missoulian Monday, April 23rd 2012
  7. “Layton interview with Peter Christian on Christian Communications Network on success of UM Solar Car at 2012 Shell Ecomarathon” May 3, 2012.
  8. "Grant Myhre interview with Monte as UMCOT prepares for 2012 Shell Ecomarathon http://www.nbcmontana.com/video/30711008/index.html
  9. “Missoula COT’s recycled parts bicycle wins at local contest” May 22, 2011 By Chelsea Moy of the Missoulian http://missoulian.com/news/local/article_bd9d7ad0-84f7-11e0-a1da-001cc4c03286.html?mode=story
  10. “Drexel Students Take on the Solar Challenge” National Geographic story, Spring 2011. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/energy/2011/04/110419-shell-ecomarathon-solar-car-drexel/
  11. “Bringing Dehydrated Plants 'Back to Life'” March 31, 2010 EurkaAlert article by Sophia Balcomb. http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2010-03/ajob-bdp033110.php  
  12. “Fans, foes: Status report due on stimulus jobs,” January 20, 2010. Interview with Philadelphia Inquirer Staff Writers Jane M. Von Bergen and Diane Mastrull.
  13. “City weighs large-scale bike-sharing program,” May 19, 2008. Philadelphia Metro Appearance with Mayor Michael Nutter
  14. “New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson addresses Drexel University,” May 19, 2008. Channel 10 news images of Layton’s Human-Electric Hybrid Vehicle.
  15. “Drexel to Advance Nanotube Probes with $1M from Keck,” August 24th, 2007. Philadelphia Business Journal. Press coverage for recent Drexel Keck Institute recently created at Drexel University for which I serve as CO-PI.
  16. Philadelphia Fox 29. “Drexel University hosts FIRST Robotics Competition” Monday, March 27, 2006. Represented Drexel University College of Engineering on local Philadelphia TV station.
  17. ABC Primetime Special Report on Nanotechnology at Drexel University, Aaron Gloster, Saturday October 15, 2005. Laboratory featured on local Philadelphia TV station.
  18. Philadelphia Tribune, “From Philly to Japan” Janae Hoffler, Friday, August 19, 2005, Cover page and page B1. Mentorship of local middle school robotics team featured in local Philadelphia newspaper.
  19. Philadelphia Daily News, “City Kids Gearing up for a Science Trip to Japan” Elmer Smith, Friday, August 19, 2005, Page 19. Mentorship of local middle school robotics team featured in local Philadelphia newspaper.
  20. Philadelphia Daily News, “Shaw Students Come Back as Winners” Elmer Smith, Wednesday, August 31, 2005 Page 15. Mentorship of local middle school robotics team featured in local Philadelphia newspaper.
  21. The Neighborhood Leader, “Shaw Middle School Robotics Team Compete in Japan”, Carole I. Smith, August 20-September 2, 2005, Page 10. Mentorship of local middle school robotics team featured in local Philadelphia newspaper.

Local Governmental Recognition

  1. Missoula College Energy Technology Program mentioned by Councilman Jason Wiener his weekly update on City Council committee work, January 20, 2015.
  2. Cited in the Notes of Testimony at the Philadelphia City Council meeting November 3, 2005 for assisting the Shaw Middle School FIRST Robotics Team in their Japan Competition.


  1. John Ruffatto Memorial Award, 2014
  2. Nominated for Professor of the Year Award by Department Chair, Thomas Gallagher, 2012.
  3. Nominated for John Ruffatto Memorial Award by University of Montana Faculty Development Coordinator, Amy Kinch 2011.
  4. Nominated for the Allen Rothwarf Award for Teaching Excellence, spring 2007 by Department Head Mun Choi.
  5. Advisor for Best Freshman Design Project, “Design of a Portable Educational Atomic Force Microscope” with Rahul Singh, Vinay Gadia, Sristi Roy, Nischitha Venkatesh, Sagar Lunagaria, Rohan Patel, Drexel University, 2005
  6. Honored by the Illinois Math and Science Academy for “Commitment to Mentoring and to the Developing Talent of Young Scientists and Engineers” April, 2005
  7. Honored with a certificate of appreciation by the School District of Philadelphia for service to the NASA Explorer School’s students, parents, staff and community, July 2005.
  8. Honored by the National Parks Service for volunteer work at the Wright Brothers Centennial Celebration, Kitty Hawk, NC, 2003.
  9. Robert M. Caddell Award for research contributions in materials manufacturing, U of M, 2001
  10. Best Solid Mechanics and Materials Poster for Graduate Symposium, U of M, 2001


  1. Professional Engineer
  2. Thompson Reuters Expert Witness
  3. International Big History Association
  4. American Society of Engineering Education
  5. American Society of Mechanical Engineers
  6. Biomedical Engineering Society
  7. IEEE-EMBS Society (Editor)
  8. Order of the Engineer
  9. World Society of Sustainable Energy Technologies


  1. Kayla Nagle (pre-doctoral student)
  2. Kathleen Allen, Ph.D. (2009) National Science Foundation Fellow, Drexel University
  3. Mert Sasoglu, Ph.D. (2009), Drexel University
  4. Stephanie Sullivan, B.S. Ph.D. Candidate, Drexel University (SuperNOVA Fellow)
  5. Adam Zeiger, B.S. M.S. (2007) Department of Defense Fellow, MIT
  6. Andrew Bohl, M.S. (2010)
  7. Benjamin Legum, Ph.D. pre-candidate (2011)
  8. Michael Brent Boyd, Ph.D. pre-candidate (2012)
  9. Herb Francisco, Ph.D. pre-candidate (2012)
  10. Cameron Douglas, B.S. M.S. (2010)
  11. Steve Helms B.S. M.S. (2010)
  12. Mohammed Abba B.S. M.S. Ph.D. pre-candidate (2013)
  13. Abemelek Abay, M.S. (2010)


  1. Peter McDonough 2015 UMontana Environmental Studies
  2. Reuben Darlington 2015 Michael DeGrandpre UMontana Chemistry and Biochemistry
  3. Kevin Trout 2015 Andrij Holian UMontana Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences
  4. Jonathan Ayutsede 2005 (Frank Ko, Drexel MSE)
  5. Teeranoot Chanthasopeephan 2007 (Jaydev Desai, Drexel MEM)
  6. Andrew Darling 2005 (Wei Sun, Drexel MEM)
  7. Adam Ertel 2009 (Aydin Tozeren, Drexel BME)
  8. Connie Gomez 2006 (Wei Sun, Drexel MEM)
  9. Michael Gormley 2009 (Aydin Tozeren, Drexel BME)
  10. Tie Hu 2007 (Jaydev Desai, Drexel MEM)
  11. Saif Khalil 2005 (Wei Sun, Drexel MEM)
  12. Devrim Kilinc 2010 (Ken Barbee, Drexel BME)
  13. Andrew Kossenkov 2010 (Aydin Tozeren, Drexel BME)
  14. Lin Lu 2009 (Jack Zhou, Drexel MEM)
  15. Michael Marks 2011 (Anthony Lowman, Drexel CBE)
  16. Chris Massey 2009 (Michelle Marcolongo, Drexel MSE)
  17. Bao Mosinyi, 2006 (Jonathan Awerbuch, Drexel MEM)
  18. Rafael Mulero, 2011 (MinJun Kim, Drexel MEM)
  19. Kalyani Nair 2009 (Wei Sun, Drexel MEM)
  20. Anand Pillarisetti 2008 (Jaydev Desai, MEM)
  21. Simara Price 2013 (Shivanthi Anandan, Drexel Biology)
  22. Gwenaelle Proust 2005 (Surya Kalidindi, Drexel MSE)
  23. Kishan Rijal 2009 (Raj Mutharasan, Drexel CBE)
  24. Alia Sabur (Selçuk Güçeri, Drexel MSE)
  25. Temitope Sodunke 2008 (Moses Noh, Drexel MEM)
  26. Edward Steager 2009 (MinJun Kim, Drexel MEM)
  27. Stephanie Sullivan (chair) Drexel MEM
  28. Jason Toy, 2010 (Sorin Siegler, Drexel MEM)
  29. Alexandra Vamvakidou 2009 (Aydin Tozeren Drexel BME)
  30. Chun Xu 2005 (David Wootton, Drexel MEM)
  31. Eda Yildrim 2006 (Wei Sun, Drexel MEM)
  32. He Zhao 2009 (Bahrad Sokhansanj, Drexel BME)


  • bicycling, recycling, kayaking, sustainable energy
  • 1995 US National Rowing Team: Qualified US Quadruple Sculls for Atlanta Olympic Games
  • 1997 US National Rowing Team
  • Queen Mother Cup Champion in quadruple sculls, Henley Royal Regatta, 1995, 1997.
  • 2000 – 2003 rowing instructor for Ann Arbor Rowing Club

Specialized Research Interests

Nanoscale biomechanics; drought resistance mechanisms; anthropogenic entropy acceleration.

Home Department

Energy Technology Program 

Area of Expertise

Renewable Energy Technology; Sustainable Transportation; Waste Management

UM Bridges Department

Missoula College Applied Computing and Engineering Technology

Teaching Experience


Energy Technology

ETEC 120 NCCER Core and Electrical I                                                                                          2015

  • Taught wiring and construction skills with support from DOL TAACCCT III

EET 113 Circuits, Summer                                                                                                                 2012

  • Developed course with Wally Higgins in preparation for Practicum

NRGY 101 Introduction to Energy Systems I                                                                        2010 – pres

  • Online and face-to-face delivery of 40+ students per semester

NRGY 102 Introduction to Energy Systems II                                                                      2010 – pres

  • Online and face-to-face delivery of 10 - 20 students per semester

NRGY 191/195 Energy Practicum                                                                                          2011 – pres

  • Led ~20 students through hands-on project-based energy technology projects

NRGY 213 Power Systems                                                                                                     2012, 2015

NRGY 214 Energy Storage and Distribution                                                                                    2015

  • Co-Taught with Alan Fraser

NRGY 235 Building Energy Efficiency                                                                        2011, 2012, 2014

  • Online and face-to-face delivery of ~15 students per semester

NRGY 242 Solar Thermal and Wind Systems                                                                        2010 – pres

  • Online and face-to-face delivery of ~15 students per semester

NRGY 245 Fuel Cells                                                                                                                        2013

  • Online and face-to-face delivery with laboratory component.

NRGY 250 Energy Finance                                                                                                     2012, 2014

  • Online and face-to-face delivery

NRGY 295 Energy Practicum II                                                                                                       2015

  • Advised Dustin Armstad on Solar Thermal Collection design

NRGY 296 Independent Study ASME Human-Powered Vehicle Design                                       2011

  • Advised a team of six. Team won “Best Recycled Ride” in Bozeman

NRGY 296 Independent Study Solar Car Design                                                                  2011 – pres

  • Advised a team of ten to compete in Shell EcoMarathon, Houston

NRG 297 Undergraduate Research, Fall 2011, Spring 2012, Fall 2012, Fall 2014

  • Advised Trevor Little, pre-engineering student on cell nanomechanics (NSF grant)
  • Advised Will Smith on growing algae in magnetic fields
  • Advised Charles Moore on growing algae for energy production
  • Advised Eric Wall on Arabidopsis Nanomechanics
  • Advised Doug Cummins on lighting efficiency
  • Advised George Corddry on aquaculture project

NRG 298 Energy Internship                                                                                                    2010 – pres

  • Advising ~5-10 students per semester on internal and external internships

NRG 299 Energy Capstone                                                                                                     2010 – pres

  • Teaching ~5-10 students per semester sustainable transportation solutions

Biochem 695 Master’s research                                                                                               2011- 2012

  • Advised Kayla Nagle towards here doctoral degree in Biochemistry and Biophysics


MEM 591 Applied Engineering Mathematics                                                                        2004 - 2010

- matrix, tensor, vector notation, linear algebra, Markov processes, eigenvalue problems, analytical differential calculus, vector field calculus, heat transfer equations, fluid dynamics equations, elasticity equations

MEM 592 Applied Engineering Mathematics II                                                                    2005 - 2010

- ordinary differential equations, partial differential equation, Laplace transforms, Navier equations, variation of parameters, waves in elastic solids, series solutions, non-linear differential equations

MEM 593 Applied Engineering Mathematics III                                                                     2005 2010

- Fourier transforms, partial differential equations, numerical methods, optimization, stochastic processes, probability theory, and statistics

Senior Engineering Design

MEM 491 Senior Design “Vibrational Analysis of an Industrial Compressor”                                 2004

MEM 491 Senior Design “A Portable Pump Design”                                                                       2005

MEM 491 Senior Design “FSAE Braking System Design”                                                              2006

MEM 491 Senior Design “Space-Based Hematology”                                                                      2006

MEM 491 Senior Design “NanoBase Design for a Simultaneous Atomic Force Microcopy and Nanomanipulation”                                                                                                                     2006

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design “A Miniaturized Hematology Analyzer”                                  2007

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design “An Integrated Atomic Force Microscopy Nanomanipulation Platform for Biological Samples”                                                                                                                    2007

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design “A Human Electric Hybrid Vehicle Chassis”                           2008

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design “A Human Electric Hybrid Vehicle Motor and Controls”        2008

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design “A Human Electric Hybrid Vehicle Suspension and Drivetrain Team.”                                                                                                                                                    2008

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design “A Small Wind Turbine for Sustainable Urban Energy.”         2008

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design “A Surgical Stapler”                                                                  2008

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design “Mechanical Testing of a Surgical Staple”                                2009

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design “A Small Wind Turbine for Sustainable Urban Energy: Mechanical Team.”                                                                                                                                                    2009

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design “A Small Wind Turbine for Sustainable Urban Energy: Electrical Team.”                                                                                                                                                    2009

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design “Automotive X-Prize Shell Design”                                         2009

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design “Automotive X-Prize Frame Design”                                       2009

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design “Automotive X-Prize Suspension Design”                               2009

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design “Automotive X-Prize Transmission Design”                             2009

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design “Automotive X-Prize Seat, Steering and Brakes Design”        2009

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design “Automotive X-Prize Motor, Battery and Lighting Design”    2009

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design “ASME Human-Powered Vehicle Transmission, Brakes and Steering design”                                                                                                                                        2009

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design 2008-2009, team 013, “ASME Human-Powered Vehicle Seat, Frame and Shell Design”

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design 2009-2010, team 001, “ASME Human-Powered Vehicle Seat, Frame and Shell Design”

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design 2009-2010, team 002, “ASME Human-Powered Vehicle Transmission, Brakes and Steering design”

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design 2009-2010, team 003, “Automotive X-Prize Regenerative Brake Design”

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design 2009-2010, team 004, “Urban-Turbine Design”

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design 2009-2010, team 005, “Surgical Stapler-Staple Integration”

MEM 491, 492, 493 Senior Design 2009-2010, team 006, “Portable Solar”


MEM 238 Dynamics                                                                                                      2004, 2009, 2010

     - wrote and delivered lectures on Newtonian mechanics to Drexel’s pre-juniors

- worked with forty-five students on design projects to prepare them for their senior design class and to improve their technical communication skills.


TDEC 211 Materials                                                                                                                          2003

- led two recitations with approximately 30 students each

- facilitated online availability of course material

Freshman Engineering Design

Primary Instructor for course of 850+ students                                                                      2008 - 2010

  • Primary duties included delivering lectures, organizing guest speakers, maintaining syllabi, developing new moduli, organizing weekly meetings with core faculty, distributing weekly notes to the nearly 30 laboratory faculty, organizing weekly meetings with the ten graduate student teaching fellows, and leading at least two laboratories per week as well as maintaining grading consistency for all students.

TDEC 132 Freshman Design “A Two-Sided Television”                                                                  2004

TDEC 132 Freshman Design “Educational AFM team”                                                                   2004

  • Faculty advisor educational atomic force microscope design team. Students used LabView, SolidWorks and performed database research into the fundamentals of atomic force microscopy. Students submitted the completed version which includes an instruction manual for integration with the NSF-RET program. Students received the highest grade of their class and have two online publications.

TDEC 132 Freshman Design KnanoKnot team                                                                                 2004

- covered basic principles of scanning electron microscopy and nanomanipulation with the ultimate goal of pushing the dexterity limits of the Zyvex L100.

TDEC 132 Freshman Design “PVC Boat for Children”                                                                   2004

- covered basic principles boat design

TDEC 132 Freshman Design “NanoForensics”                                                                                 2004

- evaluated the ability of nanoparticles to identify artifacts

TDEC 132 Freshman Design “PVC Boat for Adults”                                                                      2004

- covered basic principles boat design

TDEC 132 Freshman Design “Recycle Team”                                                                                  2004

- explored alternatives to solid waste collection

ENGR 101, 102, 103 “Bicycle Highway,” Featured on Drexel University Innovations page          2004

ENGR 101, 102, 103 “A Human-Powered Composter”                                                                   2008

ENGR 101, 102, 103 “Automotive X-Prize Transmission Design”                                                  2009

ENGR 101, 102, 103 “Human-Powered Vehicle Design”                                                                2009

ENGR 101, 102, 103 “Space Elevator Design”                                                                                 2009

Special Courses

MEM 399 Integrated AFM Nanomanipulator Matt Dolin                                                                2006

MEM 399 Knanoknot Derek Mitchell                                                                                               2006

MEM 699-002 MEMS-Based Hematology Analyzer                                                                        2005

- Stephanie Sullivan’s project with NASA Goddard

MEM-399-003 MechanoMolecular Properties of Growing Axons                                                    2005

- Mentored Ms. Aisha Granville on the mechanical and electrostatic props of structural proteins

MEM 380-005 MechanoEvolution                                                                                          2005, 2006

- Explored the similarities and symbioses between natural evolution and machine evolution

MEM 699-004 Marine Collagen Characterization                                                                             2006

- mentored student in atomic force microscopy of novel sponge collagen

MEM 399-006 Marine Collagen Detection                                                                                        2007

- Mentored student in immunohistochemical detection of Trichodesmium erythraeum collagen

MEM 399-007 Collagen Evolution                                                                                                    2007

- Mentored student in bioinformatics of collagen evolution

MEM 699-004 Cell and Protein Printing                                                                                           2007

- Mentored student in cell and protein printing strategies for cell sensor arrays

MEM 399-003 Nanobiomechanics                                                                                                     2007

- Mentored student in nanoscale biomechanics of cells and proteins

MEM 399-001 Attofluidics                                                                                                               2007

- Mentored student Matt Lynch on nanofluid mechanics

MEM 399-001 Drought resistant plants                                                                                 2008 - 2013

- Mentored student Andrew McDonald on soft tissue mechanics

MEM 399-001 Surgical Stapler                                                                                                2008-2010

- Mentored student Scott Holden on finite element analysis and mechanical drawing

MEM 695-001 Solar Tower Design                                                                                                   2010

- Abemelek Abay, Ethiopian master’s student with interest and experience in solar power design



National Science Foundation Research Experience for Teachers

Summer 2004

Janet Hudson of Shaw Middle School and six of her students to prepare them for an international robotics competition.

Joyce Hubert-Theroit of Henderson Senior High School, and Mr. Joseph Podrazik to build an instructional atomic force microscope to be used at their schools

Summer 2005

Joe Podrazik, Souderton High School, Souderton, PA. Together we built an educational atomic force microscope for use in his high school engineering classroom.

Janet Hudson of Shaw Middle School. Together we explored the educational atomic force microscope

Summer 2006

Joe Podrazik, Souderton High School, Souderton, PA. Together we build a second-generation motorized educational atomic force microscope. This version was demoed during a webcast from Drexel to Souderton in the Fall of 2006.

Emily Wideman, Milton-Hershey High School, Hershey, PA

Fahmida Shah, North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, North Carolina. Emily was involved in assisting my graduate student Kathleen Allen in computer modeling and culturing of neurons.

Summer 2009

Art Gutzler, NSF RET Fellow, Father Judge High School, Philadelphia, PA. Art performed atomic force microscopy on Trichodesmium erythraeum a performed image analysis, as well as prepared lesson plans based upon his findings.

Summer 2012

Kate Dircksen, Sentinel High School, Missoula, Montana. Kate is working with two students Kaylee Peters (9th grader at Sentinel) and Emily Sterbis (12th grade Big Sky) on their year-long science projects. My role is to explore with her the relationship between genetics and micromechanics in building a foundation of knowledge for understanding the drought resistance through the model organism Arabidopsis thaliana.

Autumn 2014

Wyatt Kingston, Sentinel High School, Missoula, Montana. Wyatt is working on a novel regenerative braking system for automobiles that is more or less an “air braking” system that deploys when car brakes are applied.


SEED (Summer Engineering Experience at Drexel)

Summer Mentorship Program

Summer 2004

Sally Tan, Illinois Math and Science Academy, Aurora, Illinois

Fahmida Shah, North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, North Carolina

Summer 2005

Luke Irvin, Pine Grove High School, Pine Grove, Pennsylvania

Mike Iannuzzi,  Springfield High School, Springfield, Pennsylvania

Dan Mattson, Glen Ellyn High School, Glen Ellyn, Illinois

Summer 2006

George Thomas, Poquoson High School, Poquoson, Virginia

Nick Gunther,  Springfield High School, Springfiled, Pennsylvania

Poonam Sharma, Plymouth Whitemarsh High School, Plymouth Meeting Pennsylvania,

Sanjay Ramdon, Saint Mary High School, Highgate PO, Saint Mary, Jamaica.

Summer 2009

Casey Maher, Penn Charter, Philadelphia, PA

Chris Jacinto, North Penn, Philadelphia, PA

Summer 2010

Shannon Sabino, Scale Model of Wind Turbine, Howell High

Roman Frederick, Scale Model of High-Fuel Efficiency Car, Southwest Accelerated Learning Acad

Timothy Hackett, Prediction of Tubulin’s modulus from Teritiary Structure, Phoenixville High

Chris Logue, Prediction of Tubulin’s modulus from Teritiary Structure, Monsignor Bonnnor High


NSF 8-12 Outreach

2014-2015 Kasey Leavell, Wind Turbine Regenerative Braking System, Sentinel High School. Used 3D printing, home-made generator, and Newtonian mechanics model to develop deployable automobile braking system. Bronze medal at Sentinel HS Science Fair. Invited to compete at Arizona State University.

2013 Developed and led an eight-week Lego MindstormsTM curriculum for local 5th graders. Twenty students participated in five teams of four to accomplish tasks such as line following, color sensing, maze solving. Students learned applied geometry and logic in addition to the motor control and sensor capabilities.

2012-2013 Emily Sterbis, Arabidopsis mechanics, Big Sky High School. Won first prize in “Intermountain Junior Science and Humanities Symposium and the title I used was "The Contribution of Cell Wall Architecture to Arabidopsis thaliana Survival in Drought." March, 2013

2012 Kaylee Peters, Arabidopsis mechanics, Kaylee began her work with my research group as a rising 9th grader under the mentorship of Sentinel High School Botany teacher Kate Dircksen. She has a general interest in biology and environmental science. She is working on developing her own hypothesis as to how understanding the genotype-phenotype relationship of structural compounds in Arabidopsis thaliana may help us to understand how plants may have to adapt to a warming global climate.