Faculty Profile


Charles Leonard

Charles Leonard

Professor, Physical Therapy

Email: charles.leonard@umontana.edu
Office: SB 108/015
Personal Website
Curriculum Vitae

Current Position

Director of the Motor Control Labratory 

Courses

PT 536 - Neuroscience

PT 561 - Research Design

PT 567 - Neurological Rehabilitation

PT 570 - Psychology of Disability

PT 571 - Research and Writing in Physical Therapy

Education

Postdoctoral - Nobel Institute of Neurophysiology, Karolinska Institute
PhD - The Medical College of Pennsylvania
MS - Duke University
BS - The University of Delaware

Research Interests

Director of the Motor Control Laboratory

Research on neonatal and adult-onset brain damage, spasticity and motor control with work that concentrates on the neural mechanisms of disability.

Selected Publications

   

  1. Leonard CT, Li S, Sieler, H. (2009)  Corticomotor excitation following robotic assisted movement post-stroke. (abstract) Proceedings Society for Neuroscience, 568.14.
     
  2. Park WH, Leonard CT.  (2008) The effect of intervening forces on finger force perception.  Neuroscience Letters, 438:286-289.
     
  3. Park WH, Leonard CT, Li, S. (2008) Finger force perception during ipsilateral and contralateral force matching tasks. Experimental Brain Research, 189(3):301-310.
     
  4. Gubler-Hanna C, Laskin J, Marx BJ, Leonard CT. (2007) Construct validity of myotonometric measurements of muscle compliance as a measure of strength.  Physiological Measurement: Physics, 28(8):913-924.
     
  5. Woo-Hyung P, Leonard CT, Li S. (2007) Perception of finger forces within the hand after index finger fatiguing exercise.  Experimental Brain Research, 182(2): 169-177.
     
  6. Leonard CT, Gardipee KA, Koontz JR, Anderson JH, Wilkins SA. (2006) Correlation between impairments and motor performance during reaching tasks of subjects with spastic hemiparesis. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine 38:243-24
     
  7. Leonard CT, Feeback DL, Sykes J, Kruger E. (2006) Myotonometric measurements of muscle during changes in gravitational forces. C-9 and Other Microgravity Simulations, NASA Summary Report 213727:64-69.
     
  8. Leonard CT, Sandholdt DY, McMillan JA, Queen SA. (2006) Short- and long-latency contributions to reciprocal inhibition during various levels of muscle contraction of individuals with cerebral palsy. Journal of Child Neurology, 21:240-246.
     
  9. Li S, Leonard CT (2006) The effect of enslaving on perception of finger forces. Experimental Brain Research, 172:301-309.
     
  10. CT Leonard, J Brown, T Price, SA Queen, EL Mikhailenok. (2004) Comparison of surface electromyography and myotonometric measurements during isometric contractions. Electromyography and Clinical Kinesiology, 14:709-714.
     
  11. Aarrestad DD, Williams MD, Fehrer S, Mikhailenok E, Leonard CT (2004). Intra- and inter-rater reliabilities of the Myotonometer for assessing the spastic condition of children with cerebral palsy. Child Neurology, 19(11):894-902.
     
  12. CT Leonard (2004) Childhood Motor Disorders. Pediatrics, 112(6):1462-63.
     
  13. C.T. Leonard, Deshner, W., Romo, J., Suoja, E., Fehrer, S., & Mikhailenok, E. (2003). Myotonometer intra and inter-rater reliabilities. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 84, 928-932.
     
  14. C.T. Leonard, J.V. Stephens, S.L. Stroppel. Validity of the Myotonometer(TM) for assessing the spastic condition of individuals with upper motor neuron involvement. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 82:1416-20, 2001
     
  15. C.T. Leonard, D.Y. Sandholdt, J.A. McMillan. Long-latency contributions to reciprocal inhibition during various levels of muscle contraction. Brain Research 817:1-12, 1999.
     
  16. C.T. Leonard, P.M. Diedrich, T. Matsumoto, T. Moritani, J.A. McMillan. H-reflex modulations during voluntary and automatic movements following upper motor neuron damage. EEG and Clinical Neurophysiol. 109: 479-483, 1998.
     
  17. C.T. Leonard, K.E.Miller, H.I.Griffiths, B.J.McClatchie,A.B.Wherry. A sequential study assessing functional outcomes of first time stroke survivors one to five years post rehabilitation. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 7(2):145-153, 1998.
     
  18. C.T. Leonard, H. Hirschfeld. Myotatic reflex responses of non-disabled children and children with spastic type cerebral palsy. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 37(9):783-799, 1995.


Books:

  1. C.T. Leonard (Author) The Neuroscience of Human Movement Mosby-Yearbook, Inc., St. Louis, 1998

Patents:

  1. Myotonometer ® (PATENT #6063044; 5/16/2000): A computerized electronic device that quantifies muscle tone/compliance, paresis and spasticity.
     
  2. Portable Robotic Arm Movement Assistive Device (PRAMAD)- A robotic device that controls and assists upper extremity movement in a horizontal plane. (USA provisional patent 61/215821; 5/11/2009).

Home Department

School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science 

Area of Expertise

Motor Control; Neonatal and Adult-Onset Brain Damage, Spasticity and Motor Control; Neurophysiology 

Teaching Experience

PT 536 - Neuroscience

PT 561 - Research Design

PT 567 - Neurological Rehabilitation

PT 570 - Psychology of Disability

PT 571 - Research and Writing in Physical Therapy

Hobbies

In his free time, Dr. Leonard enjoys rock climbing, boating, and backcountry telemark skiing.