Why Irish Language?
One of the functions of Irish Studies at The University of Montana is to educate students on the Gaelic foundations of Irish and Irish-American identity and to dispel long-held notions that the Irish are fundamentally part of the English-speaking world. Their categorization under this cultural rubric originated in the Tudor period and gained increasing currency over subsequent centuries to become a part of conventional wisdom, this despite clear evidence that the core elements of Irish identity are not, in fact, of Anglo-Saxon provenance but indisputably Gaelic. The popularity of Irish music, dance and the demand for instruction in the Irish language in the United States speak clearly to this fact. The failure to recognize the fundamental importance of Irish Gaelic culture to Irish identity has led to misunderstanding and bogus interpretations of the dynamics of Irish political and cultural life. Our program addresses these issues and introduces students to the language and the culture it sustained. New perspectives on the ideological foundation of Irish Gaelic culture permits alternative interpretations of the 800 year long battle of civilizations, the Irish revival movement, the evolution of Irish nationalist politics and the creation of the modern Irish state.Access to Irish Gaelic culture begins with the language: knowledge of the language provides an insight to the Irish Gaelic mindset and opens up the door to Irish Gaelic literature.
IRSH 101.01 - CRN 71573 - MWF 10:00am - 10:50am - 4 Credits
IRSH 101.02 - CRN 71702 - MWF 11:00am - 11:50am - 4 Credits
IRSH 101.03 - CRN 72754 - MWF 12:00pm- 12:50pm
Continue with the Irish Language!
Elementary Irish III - IRSH 103.01 - CRN 71574 - MWF 11:00am - 11:50 am
Continue with the Irish Language!
Intermediate Irish II - CRN 73234 - MWF 12:00pm - 12:50pm
This course surveys the history of Ireland and its people from the earliest times to the Twenty First Century. While identifying all the key movements, events and individuals that shaped Irish history, Dr. O’Donnell places particular emphasis on the centuries of political, cultural and social unrest that followed the English Reformation of the 1500s. This divisive event redefined the relationship between Ireland and England and divided a relatively homogenous country into a land of competing religious communities. Understanding the impact of the Reformation will help students appreciate the complexities of Irish society and the challenges facing those today who strive to build a future that embraces all the people of Ireland.
This course will give students a solid foundation in the broad sweep of Irish history. This foundation will serve those who wish to study Irish literature and who wish to pursue more advanced courses in the country’s fascinating history. The material covered will be of particular benefit to those students wish to resister for IRSH 391, ‘The Irish Conflict: 1968 – 1998’.
Tuesdays & Thursdays - 9:30am-10:50am - CRN 74820
Professor Ruan O'Donnell, Senior Lecturer and Chairman, Department of History, University of Limerick
Originally from Dublin, Professor Ruan O’Donnell received his B.A. and M.A. from University College Dublin and Ph.D. from the Australian National University. He has lived and worked as a journalist and teacher in Limerick since 1998. He teaches courses on the International History of the Twentieth Century, the Irish Conflict 1948-1998, Modern Ireland, Ireland: Revolution and Independence, 1898-1972, and the History of Modern Australia. His main research interests concern Irish radicalism worldwide and the history of international pro-Irish Republican networks. His early research focused on the United Irishmen in Ireland, Australia, Britain, France, and North America. His more recent work includes a number of linked projects featuring the Irish Republican Army from 1948 to 1998. The first of these projects to appear will be “The Resistance Campaign of 1956-1962.” Here follows a partial listing of his published work:
- The Rebellion in Wicklow 1798 (1998)
- Aftermath: Post-Rebellion Insurgency in Wicklow (1999)
- Robert Emmet and the Rising of 1803 (2003)
- The Impact of 1916 among the Nations (2008)
- Special Category: The IRA in English Prisons, 1968-1978 (2012)
- A Short History of Ireland’s Famine (2015)
Professor O’Donnell has edited scholarly anthologies, and he works as a commissioning editor for two academic series in Ireland. He writes for The Irish Times and serves as the Director of the Irish Manuscripts Commission. He is the official historian of the Robert Emmet Association.
This course examines the evolution, nature and context of the chronic civil and political unrest that erupted in the North of Ireland in 1968. When a civil rights movement aimed at securing such modest demands as ‘one man, one vote’ met with vehement state resistance, Ireland was pitched into the most sustained political violence in post-World War Two Western Europe. The longest deployment of the British Army in history failed to contain the most sophisticated insurgency ever known. O’Donnell will identify and explain the major political forces in play; not least the agendas of all major combatants. Account will be taken of the international dimension of the ‘Long War’, including the role of both private and state actors in the USA.
Students of this course will receive a comprehensive overview of an inter-generational conflict from its inception to the seismic Good Friday Agreement of 1998 which resulted in all major forces adopting purely political modes of contest. Printed primary, manuscript and online resources will be utilized on a case study basis. Subthemes include political propaganda; tactics and strategy of the Irish Republican Army; hungerstriking; counterinsurgency; ‘The Dirty War’; justice and the law and ‘peace processes’. On completion students will be well situated to pursue high level courses in programmes concerned with political science; military studies and jurisprudence.
The Modern Irish Troubles: 1968-1998
Tuesdays and Thursdays - 11:00am-12:20pm - CRN 74819
Origins of the Modern Irish Troubles: 1922-1968. Two introductory sessions cover the Irish War of Independence, Partition, Development of Stormont and the rise of the Civil Rights Movement.
- Revolt in the North: 1969 and the emergence of the IRA
- Internment and the ‘Hooded men’, 1971
- 'Bloody Sunday' in context; An analysis of what happened and why, responses in Ireland, Britain and the USA.
- Constitutional responses: Sunningdale ‘power sharing’ agreement.
- ‘Ulsterization’ and the ‘Long War’: 1976-1978
- Counterinsurgency and the Prison Struggle
- The 1980 Hunger Strike
- The 1981 Hunger Strike and the rise of Sinn Fein (two lectures)
- Stalemate: Early Peace Process
- Nearing the ‘Endgame’, 1986-1993.
- The 1994 Cessation and its collapse
- Restoring the peace: US engagement
- Negotiating the Good Friday Agreement (1998)