Native Plants in the Ethnobotany Garden

List of Native Plants

List of Native Plants

Below is a list of the Native plants in the Ethnobotany Garden. The list is alphabetical by scientific name, then the common name in English and then the name in Montana Native American languages.

A

Achillea millefolium

  • Common name: Yarrow
  • Blackfeet: Aohtoksoo’ki

Allium cernuum

  • Common name: Nodding Onion

Antennaria microphylla

  • Common name: Pussy Toes

Aquilegia flavescens

  • Common name: Columbine

Arcostaphylos uva-ursi

  • Common name: Kinnick Kinnick

Arnica sororia

  • Common name: Twin Prairie Arnica

Artemesia frigida

  • Common name: Fringed Sage

Artemisia ludoviciana

  • Common name: White Sage

Artemisia tridentata

  • Common name: Sagebrush
  • Salish name: Pupunelp

Asclespias speciosa

  • Common name: Common Milkweed
  • Crow name: Chéetisbaxupe

B

Balsamorhiza sagittata

  • Common name: Arrowleaf Balsamroot

Bouteloua gracilis

  • Common name: Blue Grama

 

 


 

Camassia quamash - Small Camas

Campanula rotundifolia - Blue Harebells

Carex garberi Fernald - Elk Sedge

Cerastium arvense - Spring Chickweed

Cornus stolonifera - Red Osier Dogwood

Coryphantha vivpara - Cushion Cactus

Crataegus douglasii - Hawthorn

 

Dalea purpurea - Purple prairie clover

Dasiphora fruticosa - Shrubby cinquefoil

 

Echinacea angustifolia - Purple Coneflower

  • Northern Cheyenne: Mo’ohtaeheseeo’otse

Epilobium angustifolium - Fireweed

Ericameria nauseosa - Rubber Rabbitbrush

Erigeron purpuratus - Purple Fleabane

 

Festuca idahoensis - Idaho Fescue

Fragaria virginiana - Wild Strawberry

  • Salish: Qeytqm

 

Gaillardia aristata - Blanketflower

Geum triflorum - Prairie Smoke

Glycyrrhiza lepidota Pursh. - Wild Licorice

Grindelia squarrosa - Curlycup Gumweed

Guara coccinea - Scarlet Guara

 

Helianthus maximiliani - Maximilian Sunflower

Helianthus - Sunflower

  • Nakoda: (Wíwahja), A’aninin: (Niihccn’aancch)

Heterotheca villosa - Hairy Golden Aster 

Heuchera cylidrica - Alum Root

Hierochloe odorata - Sweetgrass

  • Blackfeet: Kakitsimo

 

Iris missouriensis - Rocky Mountain Iris 


Juniperus horizontalis - Creeping Juniper

Juniperus - Common Juniper

  • Sioux: Wazi

 

Koeleria macrantha - Junegrass

 

Lewisia rediviva - Bitteroot 

Liatris punctata - Dotted Blazing Star, Gayfeather

Lomatium cous - Biscuit Root

Thimble Cactus (Mammillaria gracilis)

Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

Wild Mint (Mentha arvensis)]
Wild Peppermint (Mentha arvensis), Ne-i-yah-wahk: (Ah-mi-s-ko-wi-kah-s-kwah)

 

Fragile Prickly Pear (Opuntia polycantha)

Gumbo Lily (Oenothera cespisota)

 

Fuzzy-tongue Penstemon (Penstemon eriantherus)

Penstemon (Penstemon procerus)

Wilcox penstemon (Penstemon wilcoxii)

Mock Orange (Philadelphus lewisii)

Jacob's Ladder (Polemonium pulcherrimum)

Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana)

 

Prairie Conflower (Ratibida columnifera)

Golden Currant (Ribes aureum)

Wild Red Raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.), Apsaalooke : Chéetisbaxupe
Wood's Rose (Rosa woodsii), In Salish: (Lukw useli)

 

Buffaloberry (Shepherdia canadensis), Nakoda: (Dagú sasá), A’aninin: (KyáakiØáábyinch)

Chickweed (Stellaria media)
Geyer's willow (Salix geyeriana)
Goldenrod (Solidago missouriensis)

Lily of the Valley (Smilicina Stellata)
Needle and Thread Grass (Stipa comata)

Silver Buffaloberry (Shepherdia argentea)
Snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus)

Western Snowberry (Symphoricarpos occidentalis)
White Prairie Aster (Symphyotrichum falacatum)  

 

Western Meadowrue (Thalictrum occidentale)


Yucca (Yucca glauca)