Bryan Cochran, Ph.D.

Bryan Cochran, Ph.D.

Professor of Psychology

Office: Skaggs Bldg 310
Office Hours:

Spring 2021 Virtual Office Hours: 

Monday 1 - 2:30 and Friday 10:15 - 11:45 

Current Position

Professor of Psychology

Principal Investigator, HRSA BHWET Program "Behavioral Health in the Big Sky"



Psychology 340 – Abnormal Psychology; Psychology 378 - Fundamentals of Clinical Psychology; Psychology 510 - Trends in Psychological Research;

Psychology 511 - Professional Issues in Clinical Psychology; Psychology 531 -Principles of Psychological Intervention; Psychology 532 – Advanced Psychopathology; Psychology 534 - Advanced Clinical Practicum;

Psychology 631 - Interventions: Substance Misuse; Psychology 631 - Interventions: LGBT Issues

Spring 2021: PSYX 378 and 631 (LGBT Topics)

Personal Summary

My primary area of research interest is in the health correlates of being part of a stigmatized minority group. Specifically, I have studied substance use disorders and other mental health conditions among LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) youth and adult populations. My work is framed within a contextual model that takes into account the unique experiences of identifying as part of a marginalized segment of society.

As a practitioner, I work with adult clients who present with a variety of behavior disorders as well as problems in living. I am a relationship-oriented therapist who draws upon evidence-based approaches when applicable to the particular client’s problem.

Information Regarding Current Graduate Students:

My current research lab consists of six doctoral students:  Oak Reed, M.A. (6th year) and James Brennan, M.A. (5th year) are currently on internship, Kinsie Dunham, M.A. is in their 4th year, Gabriella Ji is a 3rd year student, Kelly Davis, M.A. is a 2nd year student, and Kelley Jansen, M.A. is a 1st year student. In the presentation and publication list below, graduate student (current and past) co-authors and co-presenters are in bold, and undergraduate students in italics.

Notice to Applicants for the Ph.D. Program in Clinical Psychology:

I will be on sabbatical during the 2021-2022 academic year, but at this point, I do plan on accepting a graduate student under my mentorship for the year beginning fall, 2022. Please don't hesitate to reach out to me with questions at


Ph.D., University of Washington, 2003 (clinical internship at the VA Medical Affairs - Seattle division completed 2003)
M.S., University of Washington, 2000
B.S., Furman University, 1996

Field of Study

Substance abuse and dependence; prescription drug misuse; LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) issues; psychotherapy process; cognitive behavioral treatment; relationship-oriented psychotherapy

Selected Publications

Brennan, J.M., Dunham, K.J., Bowlen, M., Davis, K., Ji, G., & Cochran, B.N. (in press). Inconcealable: A cognitive-behavioral model of concealment of gender and sexual identity and associations with physical and mental health. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity.

Powell, H.A., & Cochran, B.N. (in press). Mental health providers' biases, knowledge, and treatment decision-making with gender minority clients. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity.

Livingston, N.A., Flentje, A., Brennan, J., Mereish, E.H., Reed, O., & Cochran, B.N. (2020). Real-time associations between discrimination and anxious and depressed mood among sexual and gender minorities: The moderating effects of lifetime victimization and identity concealment. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, 7(2), 132-141.

Smith, A.J., Hallum-Montes, R., Nevin, K., Zenker, R., Sutherland, B., Reagor, S., Ortiz, M.E., Woods, C., Frost, M., Cochran, B.N., Oost, K.M., Gleason, H., Brennan, J.M. (2018). Determinants of transgender individuals’ well-being, mental health, and suicidality in a rural state. Journal of Rural Mental Health, 42, 116-132.

Livingston, N.A., Flentje, A., Heck, N.C., Szalda-Petree, A., & Cochran, B.N. (2017). Ecological momentary assessment of daily discriminations experiences and nicotine, alcohol, and drug use among sexual and gender minority individuals. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 85(12), 1131-1143.

Gleason, H.A., Livingston, N.A., Peters, M.M., Oost, K.M., Reely, E., & Cochran, B.N. (2016). Effects of state nondiscrimination laws on transgender and gender nonconforming individuals' perceived community stigma and mental health. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Mental Health, 20(4), 350-362.

Livingston, N.A., Christianson, N., & Cochran, B.N. (2016). Minority stress, psychological distress, and alcohol misuse among sexual minority young adults: A resiliency -based conditional process analysis. Addictive Behaviors, 63, 25-131.

Oost, K.M., Livingston, N.A., Gleason, H.A., & Cochran, B.N. (2016). Gender performance and risk for psychopathology: Looking beyond sexual orientation. Journal of LGBT Youth, 13(3), 23-1248.

Livingston, N.A., Oost, K.M., Heck, N.C., & Cochran, B.N. (2015). The role of personality in predicting drug and alcohol use among sexual minorities. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 29, 414-419.

Flentje, A., Bacca, C.L., & Cochran, B.N. (2015). Missing data in substance abuse research? Researchers’ reporting practices of sexual orientation and gender identity. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 147, 280-284.

Cochran, B. N., & Robohm, J. S. (2015). Integrating LGBT competencies into the multicultural curriculum of graduate psychology training programs: Expounding and expanding upon Hope and Chappell's choice points: Commentary on "Extending training in multicultural competencies to include individuals identifying as lesbian, gay, and bisexual: Key choice points for clinical psychology training programs." Clinical Psychology Science and Practice, 22, 119-126.

Stewart, B., Heck, N. C., & Cochran, B. N. (2015). A comparison of sexual minority youth who attend religiously-affiliated schools and their nonreligious school-attending counterparts. Journal of LGBT Youth, 12, 170-188.

Cochran, B. N., Flentje, A., Heck, N. C., Van Den Bos, J., Perlman, D., Torres, J., Valuck, R., & Carter, J. (2014). Factors predicting development of opioid use disorders among individuals who receive an initial opioid prescription: Mathematical modeling using a databased of commercially-insured individuals. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 138, 202-208.

Flentje, A., Heck, N. C., & Cochran, B. N. (2014). Experiences of ex-ex-gay individuals in sexual reorientation therapy: Reasons for seeking treatment, perceived helpfulness and harmfulness of treatment, and post-treatment identification. Journal of Homosexuality, 61, 1242-1268.

Heck, N.C., Lindquist, L., Machek, G.R., & Cochran, B.N. (2014). School belonging, school victimization, and the mental health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) young adults: Implications for school psychologists. School Psychology Forum, 8, 28-37.

Heck, N. C., Livingston, N., Flentje, A., Oost, K.Stewart, B. & Cochran, B. N. (2014). Reducing risk for illicit drug use and prescription drug misuse: High school gay-straight alliances and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth. Addictive Behaviors, 39, 824-828.

Flentje, A., Heck, N. C., & Cochran, B. N. (2013). Sexual reorientation therapy interventions: Perspectives of ex-ex-gay individuals. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health, 17, 256-277.

Simpson, T. L., Balsam, K., Cochran, B. N., Lehavot, K., & Gold, S. (2013). Veterans healthcare administration utilization among sexual minority veterans. Psychological Services, 10, 223-232.

Cochran, B. N., Balsam, K., Flentje, A., Malte, C. A., & Simpson, T. (2013). Mental health characteristics of sexual minority veterans. Journal of Homosexuality, 60, 419-435.

Heck, N. C., Lindquist, L., Stewart, B., Brennan, C., & Cochran, B. N. (2013). To join or not to join: Gay-straight student alliances and the high school experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 25, 77-101. 

Heck, N. C., Flentje, A., & Cochran, B. N. (2013). Intake interviewing with lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender clients: Starting from a place of affirmation. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 43(1), 23-32..

Heck, N. C., Flentje, A., & Cochran, B. N. (2011). Offsetting risks: High school gay-straight alliances and sexual minority youth. School Psychology Quarterly, 26, 161-174.

Peavy, K. M., Cochran, B. N., & Wax, J. (2010). What they want: Motivation and treatment choice in non-treatment seeking substance abusers. Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment, 9, 150-157.

Cochran, B. N., Stewart, A. J., Kiklevich, A., Flentje, A., & Wong, C. (2009). The impact of extratherapeutic encounters: Individual reactions to both hypothetical and actual incidental contact with the therapist. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 40, 510-517.

Santa, A. F., & Cochran, B. N. (2008). Does the impact of anti-drinking and driving public service announcements differ based on message type and viewer characteristics? Journal of Drug Education, 38, 109-129.

Cochran, B.N., Pruitt, L., Fukuda, S., Zoellner, L.A., & Feeny, N.C. (2008). Reasons underlying treatment preference: An exploratory study. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 23, 276-291.

Cochran, B.N., Peavy, K.M., & Santa, A.F.. (2007). Differentiating LGBT individuals in substance abuse treatment: Analyses based on sexuality and drug preference. Journal of LGBT Health Research, 3, 63-75.

Cochran, B.N., Peavy, K.M., & Robohm, J.S. (2007). Do specialized services exist for LGBT individuals seeking treatment for substance misuse? A study of available treatment programs. Substance Use & Misuse, 42, 161-176.

Cochran, B.N., Peavy, K.M., & Cauce, A.M. (2007). Substance abuse treatment providers’ explicit and implicit attitudes regarding sexual minorities. Journal of Homosexuality, 53, 181-207.

Cochran, B.N., & Cauce, A.M. (2006). Characteristics of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals entering substance abuse treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 30, 135-146.

Stewart, A.J., Steiman, M., Cauce, A.M., Cochran, B.N., Whitbeck, L, & Hoyt, D. (2004).  Victimization and posttraumatic stress disorder among homeless adolescents.  Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 325-331.

Ginzler, J.A., Cochran, B.N., & Domenech-Rodriguez, M., Cauce, A.M., & Whitbeck, L.B. (2003). Sequential progression of substance use among homeless youth: An empirical investigation of the gateway theory. Substance Use & Misuse, 38, 725-758.

Zoellner, L.A., Feeny, N.C., Cochran, B.N., & Pruitt, L. (2003). Treatment choice for PTSD.  Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41, 879-886.

Cochran, B.N., Stewart, A., Ginzler, J.A., & Cauce, A.M. (2002). Challenges faced by homeless sexual minorities: Comparison of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered homeless adolescents with their heterosexual counterparts. American Journal of Public Health, 92, 773-777.

Cauce, A.M., Domenech-Rodriguez, M., Paradise, M., Shea, M., Cochran, B.N., Srebnik, D., & Baydar, N. (2002). Cultural and contextual influences in mental health help seeking: A focus on ethnic minority youth. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70, 44-55.

Linehan, M.M., Cochran, B.N., Mar, C.M., Levensky, E.R., & Comtois, K.A. (2000).  Therapeutic burnout among borderline personality disordered clients and their therapists: Development and evaluation of two adaptations of the Maslach Burnout Inventory.  Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 7, 329-337.

Specialized Skills

Current Editorial Board Member:

Journal of LGBT Youth

Peer Reviewer (regular or recent reviewer of manuscripts for the following journals):

Addiction, American Journal of Public Health, Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, Journal of Clinical Psychology, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Journal of Criminal Justice, Journal of LGBT Health Research, Journal of LGBT Youth, Psychological Bulletin, Psychology and Aging, Sex Roles, Traumatology

Home Department


Area of Expertise

LGBT Issues; Clinical Psychology; Substance Misuse

Professional Experience

Licensed Psychologist (MT #970)


American Psychological Association (Div. 44)

Montana Psychological Association

American Public Health Association