Richard Hutto

Richard Hutto

Professor Emeritus


Personal Website
Curriculum Vitae

Current Position

1987-2014   Professor of Biology and Wildlife Biology, University of Montana

2014-present    Emeritus Professor, Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana


Biology 470, Ornithology

Biology 519, Fire Ecology

Personal Summary

Dr. Richard L. Hutto is Professor and immediate past Director of the Avian Science Center at the University of Montana.  Hutto has conducted research on migratory landbirds in Mexico in winter, the Southwest during spring and fall, and in the Northern Rockies in summer for more than 35 years.  In 1990, he developed the USFS Northern Region Landbird Monitoring Program, and he has been studying the ecological effects of fire on bird communities for the last 25 years.  Dr. Hutto was host of “Birdwatch,” a nationally televised PBS series that ran from 1998-2001.  Because he is moved by what birds have to teach us about land stewardship, Hutto established the Avian Science Center on the University of Montana campus to promote ecological awareness and informed decision making by listening to what western birds tell us about the ecological effects of human land-use practices. 


B.A. University of California, Los Angeles, 1971
M.S. Northern Arizona University, 1973
Ph.D. University of California, Los Angeles, 1977

Research Interests

Most of my research has revolved around landbirds in the following contexts: (1) in burned forests, (2) during the non-breeding seasons (mostly in Mexico), (3) in riparian systems, and (4) as indicators of land-use effects via effects on habitat distribution patterns.

I have enjoyed many “side projects” along the way, including (1) mixed-species flocks, (2) foraging ecology in relation to food availability, (3) Calliope Hummingbird breeding ecology, (4) desert plant associations, and (5) the beauty of science as a process.

Field of Study

Avian Ecology


1.    Hutto, R. L.  1978.  A mechanism for resource allocation among sympatric heteromyid rodent species.  Oecologia 33:115-126.  pdf

2.    Hutto, R. L.  1980.  Winter habitat distribution of migratory land birds in western Mexico, with special reference to small, foliage-gleaning insectivores.  Pp. 181-203 in A. Keast and E.S. Morton (eds.) Migrant birds in the Neotropics: Ecology, Behavior, Distribution and Conservation.  Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.  pdf

3.    Hutto, R. L.  1980.  A laboratory manual for Zoology 308--Ornithology.  University of Montana Reprographics, 48 pp.

4.    Hutto, R. L.  1981.  Seasonal variation in the foraging behavior of some migratory western wood warblers.  Auk 98:765-777.  pdf

5.    Hutto, R. L., and S. L. Mosconi.  1981.  Lateral detectability profiles for line transect bird censuses: some problems and an alternative.  Studies in Avian Biology 6:382-387.  pdf

6.    Hutto, R. L.  1981.  Temporal patterns of foraging activity in some wood warblers in relation to the availability of insect prey.  Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 9:195-198.  pdf

7.    Mosconi, S. L., and R. L. Hutto.  1982.  The effect of grazing on the land birds of a western Montana riparian habitat.  Pp. 221-233 in J. M. Peek and P. D. Dalke (eds.) Proceedings of the Wildlife-Livestock Relationships Symposium.  Forest, Wildlife and Range Experiment Station, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho.  pdf

8.    Hutto, R. L.  1982.  Montana Wildlife.  University of Montana Reprographics, 100 pp.  part I and part II

9.    Korol, J. J., and R. L. Hutto.  1984.  Factors affecting nest site location in Gila Woodpeckers.  Condor 86:73-78.  pdf

10.  Hutto, R. L.  1985.  Habitat selection by nonbreeding, migratory land birds.  Pp. 455-476 in M. L. Cody (ed.) Habitat Selection in Birds.  Academic Press, Inc., Orlando, Florida.  pdf

11.  Hutto, R. L.  1985.  Seasonal changes in the habitat distribution of transient insectivorous birds in southeastern Arizona: competition mediated?  Auk 102:120-132.  pdf

12.  Bennetts, R. E., and R. L. Hutto.  1985.  Attraction of social fringillids to mineral salts: an experimental study.  Journal of Field Ornithology 56:187-189.  pdf

13.  Hutto, R. L., P. Hendricks, and S. Pletschet.  1985.  Un censo invernal de las aves de la Estación de Biología Chamela, Jalisco México.  An. Inst. Biol. Univ. Nat. Autón. Méx 56:945-954. pdf

14.  Hutto, R. L.  1986.  Migratory landbirds in western Mexico: a vanishing habitat.  Western Wildlands 11:12-16.  pdf

15.  Hutto, R. L., S. M. Pletschet, and P. Hendricks.  1986.  A fixed-radius point count method for nonbreeding and breeding season use.  Auk 103:593-602.  pdf

16.  Hutto, R. L. (ed.) 1986 (revised 1994).  Bonham and Cooper's birds of west-central Montana.  Five Valleys Audubon Society, 24 pp.  

17.  Hutto, R. L., J. R. McAuliffe, and L. Hogan.  1986.  Distributional associates of the saguaro (Carnegiea gigantea).  Southwestern Naturalist 31:469-476.  pdf

18.  Hutto, R. L.  1987.  Scale of measurement in ecology: a review.  Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 68:57-58.  pdf

19.  Hutto, R. L.  1987.  A description of mixed-species insectivorous bird flocks in western Mexico.  Condor 89:282-292.  pdf

20.  Hutto, R. L.  1987.  Effect of systemic pesticide implants on the level of Western spruce budworm infestation: treatment and post-treatment years.  Forest Ecology and Management 21:231-235.  pdf

21.  Hutto, R. L., S. Reel, and P. B. Landres.  1987.  A critical evaluation of the species approach to biological conservation.  Endangered Species Update 4:1-4.  pdf

22.  Hutto, R. L.  1987.  Nearctic migrants in the Neotropics: a review.  Auk 104:578-579.  pdf

23.  Hutto, R. L.  1988.  Foraging behavior patterns suggest a possible cost associated with participation in mixed-species bird flocks.  Oikos 51:79-83.  pdf

24.  Hutto, R. L.  1988.  “Birds of the northern Rockies” by T. J. Ulrich: a review.  Ibis 130:145.  pdf

25.  Hutto, R. L.  1988.  “Birds of the Rocky Mountains” by P. A. Johnsgard: a review.  Ibis 130:319.  pdf

26.  Hutto, R. L.  1988.  Is tropical deforestation responsible for the reported declines in neotropical migrant populations?  American Birds 42:375-379.  pdf

27.  Hutto, R. L.  1989.  The effect of habitat alteration on migratory land birds in a west Mexican tropical deciduous forest: a conservation perspective.  Conservation Biology 3:138-148.  pdf

28.  Hutto, R. L.  1989.  Pygmy Nuthatch Sitta pygmaea.  Pp. 92-93 in Rare, sensitive, and threatened species of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (Clark, T. W., A. H. Harvey, R. D. Dorn, D. L. Genter, and C. Groves, eds.).  Northern Rockies Conservation Cooperative, Montana Natural Heritage Program, The Nature Conservancy, and Mountain West Environmental Services.  pdf

29.  Hutto, R. L.  1990.  Measuring the availability of food resources.  Studies in Avian Biology 13:20-28.  pdf

30.  Hutto, R. L.  1990.  Studies of foraging behavior: central to understanding the ecological consequences of variation in food abundance.  Studies in Avian Biology 13:389-390.  pdf

31.  Tobalske, B. W., R. L. Hutto, and R. C. Shearer.  1990.  The effects of timber harvesting on the reproductive success of Red-naped Sapsuckers (Sphyrapicus nuchalis).  The Northwest Environmental Journal 6:398-399. 

32.  Tobalske, B. W., R. C. Shearer, and R. L. Hutto.  1991.  Bird populations in logged and unlogged western larch/Douglas-fir forest in northwestern Montana.  Research Paper INT-442.  USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, UT, 12 pp.  pdf

33.  Pletscher, D. L., and R. L. Hutto.  1991.  Wildlife management and the maintenance of biodiversity.  Western Wildlands 17:8-12.  pdf

34.  Hutto, R. L.  1991.  “American Warblers” by D. H. Morse: a review.  Ibis 133:431. 

35.  Hutto, R. L.  1992.  Habitat distributions of migratory landbird species in western Mexico.  Pp. 221-239 in Ecology and conservation of neotropical migrant landbirds (J. M. Hagan III and D. W. Johnston, eds.), Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.  pdf

36.  Hutto, R. L., S. J. Hejl, C. R. Preston, and D. M. Finch.  1993.  Effects of silvicultural treatments on forest birds in the Rocky Mountains: implications and management recommendations.  Pp. 386-391 in Finch, D. M., and P. W. Stangel (eds.), Status and management of neotropical migratory birds.  USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-229.  pdf

37.  Petit, D. R., J. F. Lynch, R. L. Hutto, J. G. Blake, and R. B. Waide.  1993.  Management and conservation of migratory landbirds overwintering in the Neotropics.  Pp. 70-92 in D. M. Finch and P. W. Stangel (eds.), Status and management of neotropical migratory birds.  USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-229.  pdf

38.  Hutto, R. L.  1994.  The composition and social organization of mixed-species flocks in a tropical deciduous forest in western Mexico.  Condor 96:105-118.  pdf

39.  Hutto, R. L., S. J. Hejl, J. F. Kelley, and S. M. Pletschet.  1995. A comparison of bird detection rates derived from on-road versus off-road point counts in northern Montana.  Pp. 103-110 in C. J. Ralph, J. R. Sauer, and S. Droege (tech. eds.) Monitoring bird populations by point counts.  USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-149, Albany, CA.  pdf

40.  Tobalske, B. W., R. C. Shearer, and R. L. Hutto.  1995.  Maintaining bird diversity in western larch/Douglas-fir forests.  Pp 505-507 in W. C. Schmidt and K. J. McDonald (compilers) Ecology and management of Larix forests: a look ahead.  USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-319, Ogden, UT.  pdf

41.  Hutto, R. L.  1995.  The composition of bird communities following stand-replacement fires in northern Rocky Mountain (U.S.A.) conifer forests.  Conservation Biology 9:1041-1058.  pdf

42.  Hejl, S. J., R. L. Hutto, C. R. Preston, and D. M. Finch.  1995.  Effects of silvicultural treatments in the Rocky Mountains. Pp. 220-244 in Martin,T., and D. M. Finch (eds.), Ecology and management of neotropical migratory birds.  Oxford Univ. Press, New York, NY.  pdf

43.  Petit, D. R., R. B. Waide, R. L. Hutto, J. F. Lynch, and J. G. Blake.  1995.  Habitat use and conservation of migratory landbirds overwintering in the Neotropics. Pp. 145-197 in Martin,T., and D. M. Finch (eds.), Ecology and management of neotropical migratory birds.  Oxford Univ. Press, New York, NY.  

44.  Hutto, R. L.  1995.  The importance of intense crown fires to some bird species in Rocky Mountain coniferous forests.  Pp. 204 in Brown, J. K., R. W. Mutch, C. W. Spoon, and R. H. Wakimoto (tech. coords.) Proceedings: symposium on fire in wilderness and park management.  USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-320, Ogden, UT.  pdf

45.  Hutto, R. L.  1995.  Can patterns of vegetation change in western Mexico explain population trends in western neotropical migrants?  Pp. 48-58 in M. H. Wilson and S. A. Sader (eds.) Conservation of neotropical migratory birds in Mexico.  Maine Agricultural and Forest Experiment Station, Misc. Publ. 727.  pdf

46.  Villaseñor, J. F., and R. L. Hutto.  1995.  The importance of agricultural areas for the conservation of neotropical migratory landbirds in western Mexico.  Pp. 59-80 in M. H. Wilson and S. A. Sader (eds.) Conservation of neotropical migratory birds in Mexico.  Maine Agricultural and Forest Experiment Station, Misc. Publ. 727.  pdf

47.  Wright, V., S. J. Hejl, and R. L. Hutto.  1997.  Conservation implications of a multi-scale study of Flammulated Owl (Otus flammeolus) habitat use in the Northern Rocky Mountains, USA.  Pp. 506-516 in J. R. Duncan, D. H. Johnson, and T. H. Nicholls (eds.) Biology and conservation of owls of the Northern Hemisphere: 2nd international symposium, 5-9 Feb 1997, Winnipeg, MB.  USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-190, St. Paul, MN.  pdf

48.  Hutto, R. L.  1998.  Using landbirds as an indicator species group.  Pp. 75-92 in Marzluff, J. M., and R. Sallabanks (eds.), Avian conservation: Research and Management.  Island Press, Covelo, CA.  pdf

49.  Hutto, R. L.  1998.  On the importance of stopover sites to migrating birds.  Auk 115:823-825.  pdf

50.  Young, J. S., and R. L. Hutto.  1999.  Habitat and landscape factors affecting cowbird distribution in the Northern Rockies.  Studies in Avian Biology 18:41-51.  pdf

51.  Hutto, R. L., and J. S. Young.  1999.  Habitat relationships of landbirds in the Northern Region, USDA Forest Service.  USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-32, 72pp.  pdf

52.  Hutto, R. L.  2000.  On the importance of en-route periods to the conservation of migratory landbirds.  Studies in Avian Biology 20:109-114.  pdf

53.  Karl, J. W., P. J. Heglund, E. O. Garton, J. M. Scott, N. M. Wright, and R. L. Hutto.  2000.  Sensitivity of species habitat-relationship model performance to factors of scale.  Ecological Applications 10:1690-1705.  pdf

54.  Young, J. S., and R. L. Hutto.  2002.  Use of regional-scale exploratory studies to determine bird-habitat relationships.  Pages 107–119 in J. M. Scott, P. J. Heglund, M. L. Morrison, J. B. Haufler, M. G. Raphael, W. A. Wall, and F. B. Samson, editors.  Predicting species occurrences: issues of accuracy and scale.  Island Press, Covello, CA.  pdf

55.  Young, J. S., and R. L. Hutto.  2002.  Use of a landbird monitoring database to explore effects of partial-cut timber harvesting.  Forest Science 48:373-378.  pdf

56.  Hutto, R. L., and J. S. Young.  2002.  Regional landbird monitoring: perspectives from the northern Rocky Mountains.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 30:738-750.  pdf

57.  Kotliar, N. B., S. Hejl, R. L. Hutto, V. A. Saab, C. P. Melcher, M. E. McFadzen.  2002.  Effects of fire and post-fire salvage logging on avian communities in conifer-dominated forests of the western United States.  Studies in Avian Biology 25:49-64.  pdf

58.  Hejl, S. J., D. E. Mack, J. Young, J. Bednarz, and R. L. Hutto.  2002.  Birds and changing landscape patterns in conifer forests of the north-central Rocky Mountains.  Studies in Avian Biology 25:114-130.  pdf

59.  Hutto, R. L.  2002.  Stand-Replacement Fire…For the Birds?  Page 6, Montana Wilderness Association Special Publication, Helena, MT. 

60.  Hutto, R. L., and J. S. Young.  2003.  On the design of monitoring programs and the use of population indices: a reply to Ellingson and Lukacs.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 31(3):903-910.  pdf

61.  Kelly, J. F., and R. L. Hutto.  2005.  An East-West comparison of migration in North American wood warblers.  Condor 107:197-211.  pdf

62.  Skagen, S. K., J. F. Kelly, C. van Riper III, R. L. Hutto, D. M. Finch, D. J. Krueper, and C. P. Melcher.  2005.  Geography of spring landbird migration through riparian habitats in southwestern North America.  Condor 107:212-227.  pdf

63.  Smucker, K.M., R. L. Hutto, and B. M. Steele.  2005.  Changes in bird abundance after wildfire: importance of fire severity and time since fire.  Ecological Applications 15:1535-1549.  pdf

64.  Hutto, R. L., and C. J. Ralph.  2005.  Introduction: regional monitoring programs.  USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-191:924-925.  pdf

65.  Hutto, R. L.  2005.  Northern Region Landbird Monitoring Program: a program designed to monitor more than long-term population trends.  USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-191:956-962.  pdf

66.  Kotliar, T., V. Saab, and R. L. Hutto.  2005.  Fire on the Mountain: birds and burns in the Rockies.  USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-191:1090-1092.  pdf

67.  Young, J. S., J. R. Hoffland, and R. L. Hutto.  2005.  Monitoring for adaptive management in coniferous forests of the northern Rockies.  USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-191:405-411.  pdf

68.  Fletcher, R. J., Jr., and R. L. Hutto.  2006.  Estimating detection probabilities of river birds using double surveys.  Auk 123:695-707.  pdf

69.  Robertson, B. A., and R. L. Hutto.  2006. A framework for understanding ecological traps and an evaluation of existing ecological evidence.  pdf

70.  Hutto, R. L.  2006.  Toward meaningful snag-management guidelines for postfire salvage logging in North American conifer forests.  Conservation Biology 20:984-993.  pdf

71.  Hutto, R. L., and S. M. Gallo.  2006.  The effects of postfire salvage logging on cavity-nesting birds.  Condor 108:817-831.  pdf

72.  DellaSala, D. A., J. R. Karr, T. Schoennagel, D. Perry, R. F. Noss, D. Lindenmayer, R. Beschta, R. L. Hutto, M. E. Swanson, J. Evans.  2006.  Postfire logging debate ignores many issues.  Science 314:51-52.  pdf

73.  Hutto, R. L., and S. Kowalski.  2006.  Northern Region Landbird Monitoring Program: a USFS-University of Montana partnership designed to provide both short-term and long-term feedback for land managers, p. 936-943. In C. Aguirre-Bravo, P. J. Pellicane, D. P. Burns, and S. Draggan [eds.], Monitoring science and technology symposium: unifying knowledge for sustainability in the Western Hemisphere. USDA For. Serv. Proc. RMRS-P-42CD, Fort Collins, CO.  pdf

74.  Robertson, B. A., and R. L. Hutto. 2007.  Is selectively harvested forest an ecological trap for Olive-sided Flycatchers? Condor 109:109-121.  pdf

75.  Verschuyl, J. P., A. J. Hansen, D. B. McWethy, R. Sallabanks, and R. L. Hutto.  2008.  Is the effect of forest structure on bird diversity modified by forest productivity?  Ecological Applications 18:1155-1170.  pdf

76.  Fletcher, R. J., Jr., and R. L. Hutto.  2008.  Partitioning the multi-scale effects of human activity on the occurrence of riparian forest birds.  Landscape Ecology 23:727-739.  pdf

77.  Hutto, R. L.  2008.  The ecological importance of severe wildfires: some like it hot.  Ecological Applications 18:1827-1834.  pdf

78.  Hutto, R. L., C. J. Conway, V. A. Saab, and J. R. Walters.  2008.  What constitutes a natural fire regime?  Insight from the ecology and distribution of coniferous forest birds in North America.  Fire Ecology 4:115-132.  pdf

79.  Hutto, R. L.  2009.  Aspectos ecológicos únicos asociados con la saves migratorias de larga distancia del occidente de México.  Pp. 1-18 in G. Ceballos, L. Martínez, A. García, E. Espinoza, J. Bezaury, and R. Dirzo (editors), Diversidad, amenazas y áreas prioritarias para la conservación de las Selvas Secas del Pacífico de México, CONABIO, México, D.F.  pdf

80.  Hutto, R. L.  2009.  The ecological necessity of severe fire: an education message still not heard [abstract]. P. 52 in R. E. Masters, K. E. M. Galley, and D. G. Despain (editors).  The ‘88 fires: Yellowstone and beyond, Conference proceedings.  Tall Timbers Misc. Publ. No. 16, Tall Timbers Research Station, Tallahassee, FL.  pdf

81.  Hutto, R. L., and R. J. Stutzman. 2009. Humans versus autonomous recording units: a comparison of point-count results. Journal of Field Ornithology 80:387-398.  pdf

82.  Hutto, R. L.  2010.  Stand-replacement fire: for the birds? Pp. 18-20 in D. Faulkner.  Birds of Wyoming. Roberts and Company Publishers, Greenwood Village, CO.  pdf

83.  Robertson, B. A., R. L. Hutto, and J. J. Fontaine.  2010.  Evaluating food availability and nest predation risk as sources of bias in aural bird surveys.  Journal of Field Ornithology 81:420-429.  pdf

84.  Swanson, M. E., J. F. Franklin, R. L. Beschta, C. M. Crisafulli, D. A. DellaSala, R. L. Hutto, D. B. Lindenmayer, and F. J. Swanson. 2011. The forgotten stage of forest succession: early-successional ecosystems on forest sites. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9(2):117-125.  pdf

85.  Fletcher, R. J., Jr., J. S. Young, R. L. Hutto, A. Noson, and C. T. Rota. 2011. Insights from ecological theory on temporal dynamics and species distribution modeling. Pages 91-107 in C. A. Drew, Y. F. Wiersma, and F. Huettmann, editors, Predictive Species and Habitat Modeling in Landscape Ecology: Concepts and Applications. Springer, New York.  pdf

86.  Rota, C. T., R. J. Fletcher, J. M. Evans, and R. L. Hutto. 2011. Does accounting for imperfect detection improve species distribution models? Ecography 34:659-670.  pdf

87.  Swanson, M. E., J. F. Franklin, R. L. Beschta, C. M. Crisafulli, D. A. DellaSala, R. L. Hutto, D. B. Lindenmayer, and F. J. Swanson. 2011. A reply to King et al. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9:320.  pdf

88.  Hutto, R. L. 2011. The beauty of a burned forest.  Crown of the Continent Magazine 6:42-49.  pdf

89.  McCarthy, K. P., R. J. Fletcher, Jr., C. T. Rota, and R. L. Hutto. 2012. Predicting species distributions from samples collected along roadsides. Conservation Biology 26:68-77.  pdf

90.  Hutto, R. L. 2012. Viewpoint: distorting the process of scientific inquiry.  BioScience 62:707-708.  pdf

91.  Sridhar, H., U. Srinivasan, R. A. Askins, J. C. C. Delgadillo, C. Chen, D. E. Ewert, G. A. Gale, E. Goodale, W. K. Gram, P. J. Hart, K. A. Hobson, R. L. Hutto, S. W. Kotagama, J. Knowlton, T. M. Lee, C. A. Munn, S. Nimnuan, B. Z. Nizam, G. Péron, V. V. Robin, A. D. Rodewald, P. D. Rodewald, R. L. Thomson, P. Trivedi, S. L. Van Wilgenburg, K. Shanker.  2012.  Positive relationships between association strength and phenotypic similarity characterize the assembly of mixed-species bird flocks worldwide.  American Naturalist 180:777-790.  pdf

92.  Bond, M. L., R. B. Siegel, R. L. Hutto, V. A. Saab, S. A. Shunk.  2012.  A new forest fire paradigm: the need for high-severity fires.  Wildlife Professional 6:46-49.  pdf

93.  Rost, J., R. L. Hutto, L. Brotons, and P. Pons. 2013.  Comparing the effect of salvage logging on birds in the Mediterranean Basin and the Rocky Mountains: common patterns, different conservation implications.  Biological Conservation 158:7-13.  pdf

94.  Hutto, R. L., and R. T. Belote.  2013.  Distinguishing four types of monitoring based on the questions they address.  Forest Ecology and Management 289:183-189.  pdf

95.  Hutto, R. L.  2014.  Time budgets of male Calliope Hummingbirds on a dispersed lek.  Wilson Journal of Ornithology 126:121-128.  pdf

96.  Odion, D. C., C. T. Hanson, A. Arsenault, W. L. Baker, D. A. DellaSala, R. L. Hutto, W. Klenner, M. A. Moritz, R. L. Sherriff, T. T. Veblen, and M. A. Williams. 2014. Examining historical and current mixed-severity fire regimes in ponderosa pine and mixed-conifer forests of western North America. PLoS ONE 9(2):e87852.  pdf

97.  Hutto, R. L., A. D. Flesch, and M. A. Fylling.  2014.  A bird’s-eye view of forest restoration: Do changes reflect success?  Forest Ecology and Management 327:1-9.  pdf

98.  DellaSala, D. A., M. L. Bond, C. T. Hanson, R. L. Hutto, and D. C. Odion.  2014.  Complex early seral forests of the Sierra Nevada: What are they and how can they be managed for ecological integrity?  Natural Areas Journal 34(3):310-324.  pdf

99.  Flesch, A. D., R. L. Hutto, W. J. D. van Leeuwen, K. Hartfield, and S. Jacobs.  2015.  Spatial, temporal, and density-dependent components of habitat quality for a desert owl. PLoS ONE 10(3):e0119986. doi:0119910.0111371/journal.pone.0119986.

100.  DellaSala, D. A., C. T. Hanson, W. L. Baker, R. L. Hutto, R. W. Halsey, D. C. Odion, L. E. Berry, R. Abrams, P. Heneberg, and H. Sitters. 2015. Flight of the phoenix: coexisting with mixed-severity fires. Pages 372-396 in D. A. DellaSala and C. T. Hanson, editors. The ecological importance of mixed-severity fires: nature's phoenix. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

101.  Hanson, C. T., R. L. Sherriff, R. L. Hutto, D. A. DellaSala, T. T. Veblen, and W. L. Baker. 2015. Setting the stage for mixed- and high-severity fire. Pages 3-22 in D. A. DellaSala and C. T. Hanson, editors. The ecological importance of mixed-severity fires: nature's phoenix. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

102.  Hutto, R. L., M. L. Bond, and D. A. DellaSala. 2015. Using bird ecology to learn about the benefits of severe fire. Pages 55-88 in D. A. DellaSala and C. T. Hanson, editors. The ecological importance of mixed-severity fires: nature's phoenix. Elsevier.

103.  Schoennagel, T., P. Morgan, J. Balch, P. Dennison, B. Harvey, R. Hutto, M. Krawchuk, M. Moritz, R. Rasker, and C. Whitlock. 2016. Insights from wildfire science: A resource for fire policy discussions.1-9;,

104.  Hutto, R. L., R. E. Keane, R. L. Sherriff, C. T. Rota, L. A. Eby, and V. A. Saab. 2016. Toward a more ecologically informed view of severe forest fires. Ecosphere 7:Article e01255.  

105.  Hutto, R. L. 2016. Should scientists be required to use a model-based solution to adjust for possible distance-based detectability bias? Ecological Applications 26:1287-1294.

106.  Hutto, R. L., and D. A. Patterson. 2016. Positive effects of fire on birds may appear only under narrow combinations of fire severity and time-since-fire. International Journal of Wildland Fire 25:1074-1085.

107.  Hutto, R. L.  2017.  Reply to Marques et al. (2017): how to best handle potential detectability bias.  Ecological Applications 27(5):1699-170. 

108.  DellaSala, D. A., R. L. Hutto, C. T. Hanson, M. L. Bond, T. Ingalsbee, D. Odion, and W. L. Baker.  2017.  Accommodating mixed-severity fire to restore and maintain ecosystem integrity, with a focus on the Sierra Nevada of California, USA.  Fire Ecology 13(2):148-171.

109.  Thorn, S., C. Bässler, R. Brandl, P. J. Burton, R. Cahall, J. L. Campbell, J. Castro, C.-Y. Choi, T. Cobb, D. C. Donato, E. Durska, J. B. Fontaine, S. Gauthier, C. Hebert, T. Hothorn, R. L. Hutto, E.-J. Lee, A. B. Leverkus, D. B. Lindenmayer, M. K. Obrist, J. Rost, S. Seibold, R. Seidl, D. Thom, K. Waldron, B. Wermelinger, M.-B. Winter, M. Zmihorski, and J. Müller. 2017. Impacts of salvage logging on biodiversity – a meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Ecology, in press.

110.  Hutto, R. L., R. R. Hutto, and P. L. Hutto.  2020.  Patterns of bird species occurrence in relation to anthropogenic and wildfire disturbance: management implications.  Forest Ecology and Management 461:117942. 

111.  Georgiev, K. B., A. Chao, J. Castro, Y.-H. Chen, C.-Y. Choi, J. B. Fontaine, R. L. Hutto, E.-J. Lee, J. Müller, J. Rost, M. Żmihorski and S. Thorn.  2020.  Salvage logging changes the taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional successional trajectories of forest bird communities. Journal of Applied Ecology 57(6):1103-1112.

112.  Hutto, R. L.  2020.  Can patterns of habitat use by western Nearctic-Neotropical migratory landbirds in winter inform conservation priorities?  Wilson Journal of Ornithology 132(1):45-60.

113.  Hutto, R. L., and R. R. Hutto.  2020.  Does the presence of an observer affect a bird’s occurrence rate or its singing rate during a point count?  Journal of Field Ornithology 91(2):214-223.

114.  Thorn, S., A. Chow, K. B. Georgiev, J. Müller, C. Bässler, J. L. Campbell, J. Castro, Y.-H. Chen, C.-Y. Choi, T. P. Cobb, D. C. Donato, E. Durska, E. Macdonald, H. Feldhaar, J. B. Fontaine, P. J. Fornwalt, R. M. H. Hernández, R. L. Hutto, M. Koivula, E.-J. Lee, D. Lindenmayer, G. Mikusiński, M. K. Obrist, M. Perlík, J. Rost, K. Waldron, B. Wermelinger, I. Weib, M. Żmihorski, A. B. Leverkus.  2020.  Estimating retention benchmarks for salvage logging to protect biodiversity.  Nature Communications 11(1):1-8.

115.  Hutto, R. L.  2021.  Fire and climate change: a comment.  Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 19(2):86-87.

116.  Hutto, R. L.  2020.  Factors affecting the number of arms on a saguaro (Carnegiea gigantea).  Southwestern Naturalist, in press.

Teaching Experience

Undergraduate: Montana Wildlife; Ornithology; Field Ornithology; Animal Ecology; Community Ecology; Avian Census Methods; Field Ecology; Senior Thesis

Graduate: Advanced Ornithology; Advanced Animal Behavior; Evolutionary and Behavioral Ecology; Avian Ecology; Fire Ecology; Behavioral Ecology Seminar; Ecology Seminar


  • American Institute of Biological Sciences
  • American Ornithologists’ Union—Elective Member, 1985; Fellow, 1995
  • Association for Fire Ecology
  • Audubon Society
  • Cooper Ornithological Society
  • Ecological Society of America
  • International Association of Wildland Fire
  • Society for Conservation Biology