Psychology Faculty

David Schuldberg, Ph.D.

David Schuldberg, Ph.D.

Professor / Grant Evaluator

Office: Skaggs Bldg 206
Fax: (406) 243-6366

Curriculum Vitae

Current Position


Director of Evaluation, National Native Children's Trauma Center


Psychology 378 - Introduction to Clinical Psychology (Fall, 2018, Fall, 2019)

Psychology 630 - Ethics, Professional, and Cultural Issues (Spring, 2017, Spring, 2019)

Psychology 120 - Introduction to Psychological Research Methods (Fall, 2016)

Psychology 534 - Advanced Clinical Methods (Fall , 2017, 2019-2020)

Psychology 631 (604) -- Interventions (Rural Integrated Behavioral Care; Fall, 2016)

Psychology 631 -- Interventions (Severe Mental Illness and the Recovery model; Fall, 2012)

Personal Summary

My research interests are diverse and span health psychology, severe mental illness, creativity, treatment of childhood trauma, and health care service delivery, particularly rural and rural minority mental health.

My primary focus is on the determinants and processes of psychological health, and what they tells us about intervention and program development. This work includes delineating the attributes and outcomes that define positive health and examining the mechanisms and processes that produce good outcomes.

Small models, constructed from psychological variables and including nonlinear relationships or coupling among the variables, define Somewhat-Complicated Systems (SCS). These model systems are very useful in understanding behavior, particularly the maintenance of well-being in the face of change and fluctuation.

I am currently using nonlinear dynamic models to study the phenomena of Positive Psychology, as well as temporal variations in emotion, stress and social-support, self-reported personality characteristics, and (with a student) PTSD symptoms. A key issue involves testing the correspondence of nonlinear dynamical models to “real” psychological data; I am interested in both model construction and the study of complex time series data. I am currently involved (with R. Field) in constructing and assesing the behviors of nonlinear models of stress and social support. Current work in my lab is focusing on short-term dynamics of emotions, empathic responding, and other phenomenon; this includes observation, measurement, data analysis, modeling, and model-fitting.

Additional research interests include: Mental health service delivery and health care reform; implementation of Integrated Behavioral Health Care and other innovations in care; assessment tools for psychological health, creativity, and cognitive style; analysis of sequential behavioral and time series data; symptoms and trajectory in severe mental disorders and chronic illness; trauma and children; interpersonal assessment; Evidence-based trauma treatment; negative symptoms in schizophrenia; automated assessment, emphasizing format equivalence and validity of reports; play; evaluation of preventive behavioral health programs.

Notice to Applicants for Fall, 2020:

I do not plan on accepting a graduate student for the clinical Ph.D. program under my mentorship for Fall, 2020.


Ph.D., University of California-Berkeley, 1981
M.A., University of California-Berkeley, 1978
B.A., Harvard University, 1973 (Social Relations)

Postdoctoral Fellowship in Clinical Research, Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, 7/88 - 8/89  

Research Interests

Mental health service delivery and health care reform; implementation of Integrated Behavioral Health Care and other innovations in care; assessment tools for psychological health, personal resourcefulness, creativity, and cognitive style; analysis of sequential behavioral and time series data; chaotic nonlinear dynamical systems models of psychological health and self-reported characteristics; Quality of Life and psychiatric outcome; symptoms and trajectory in severe mental disorders and chronic illness; treatment of trauma, especially in children; ”cultural adaptation” and Evidence Based Practice; Big Data and Real-time Analytics in psychological research; automated assessment, emphasizing evaluation of format equivalence and validity of computer-generated narratives; negative symptoms in schizophrenia; rural mental health and rural minority mental health issues; cognitive abnormalities; multivariate techniques and categorization; classification and psychodiagnosis; interpersonal assessment in families and dyads; evaluation of preventive behavioral health programs play and projective assessment with children; content analysis; psychotherapy process research; cognitive development and information processing; small group research; evaluation of preventive mental health programs; social psychology of health-care settings.

Field of Study

Psychopathology, assessment, Integrated Behavioral Health in Primary Care, Nonlinear Dynamical Systems in psychology, Rural and rural minority healthcare services, health psychology, assessment and treatment of child traumatic stress, creativity, positive psychology, trauma-informed systems, psychometrics.

Selected Publications


Field, R.J., Gallas, J.A.C., and Schuldberg, D. (2017). Periodic and chaotic psychological stress variations as predicted by a socially buffered response model. Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation, 49, 135-144.

Wills, J. L., & Schuldberg, D. (2016). Chronic trauma effects on personality traits in police
officers. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 29 (April), 185-189.

Schuldberg, D. (2015). What is optimal variability? Special issue on optimal variability,
Nonlinear Dynamics in Psychology and Life Sciences (NLDPLS), 19 (4), 553-568.

Lane, M., Schuldberg, D., & van den Pol, R. (2015). Suicide prevention on a Northern Plains
reservation: Building partnerships to improve surveillance and access to care. The Tablet (APA
Div. 55 Newsletter), Fall, 2015, 33-38.

Madathil, R., Heck, N.C., & Schuldberg, D. (2015). Burnout in psychiatric nursing:
Examining the interplay of autonomy, leadership style, and depressive symptoms. Archives of
Psychiatric Nursing, 28, 160-166.

Dewey, D. MacDonald, M., & Schuldberg, D. (2015). The impact of Ecological Momentary
Assessment on Posttraumatic Stress symptom trajectory." Psychiatry Research, 230, 300-303.

Dewey, D., Schuldberg, D., & Madathil, R. (2014). Do peritraumatic emotions differentially
predict PTSD symptom clusters? Initial evidence for emotion specificity. Psychological Reports,
115 (1), 1-12. doi: 10.2466/16.02.PR0.115c11z7

Russette, H. C., Harris, K. J., Schuldberg, D., Green, L. (2014). Policy compliance of smokers on a tobacco free university campus. Journal of American College Health, 62(2), 110-116. DOI: 10.1080/07448481.2013.854247

Gori, A., Giannini, M., Socci, S., Luca, M., Dewey, D., Schuldberg, D., (2013). Assessing social anxiety disorder: Psychometric properties of the Italian Social Phobia Inventory (I-SPIN). Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 10(1), 37-42.

Morsette, A., van den Pol, R., Schuldberg, D., Swaney, G., & Stolle, D. (2012). Culturally informed Cognitive Behavioral interventions for trauma symptoms: Group therapy in rural American Indian reservation schools. Advances in School Mental Health Promotion, 5 (1), 51-62. DOI:10.1080/1754730X.2012.664865.

Giannini, M., Gori, A., De Sanctis, E., & Schuldberg, D. (2011). A Comparative analysis of attachment: Psychometric Properties of the Psychological Treatment Inventory Attachment Styles Scale (PTI-ASS). Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 21 (4), 363-381.

Field, R. J., & Schuldberg, D. (2011). Social-support moderated stress: A nonlinear dynamical model and the stress buffering hypothesis. Nonlinear Dynamics in Psychology and the Life Sciences, 15 (1), 53-85.

Schuldberg, D. (2011). Chaos theory and creativity (revised). In M. Runco & S. Pritzker (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Creativity, Second Edition, vol. 1, pp. 183-191. NY: Wiley.

Schuldberg, D. (2011). Affective Disorders. In M. Runco & S. Pritzker (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Creativity, Second Edition, vol. 2, pp. 94-101. NY: Wiley.

Calhoun, D., Brod, R., Kirlin, K., Howard, B. V., Schuldberg, D., & Fiore, C. (2010). Preliminary evidence for the effectiveness of Motivational Interviewing inspired counseling among Northern Plains Indians with Type-2 Diabetes. Diabetes Spectrum 23, 107-114. (

Gori, A., R. Lauro-Grotto, R., Giannini, M., & Schuldberg (2010). Predicting treatment outcome by combining different assessment tools: Toward an integrative model of decision support in psychotherapy. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 20 (2), 251-269.

Angstman, S., Schuldberg, D., Harris, K., & Cochran, B., Peterson, P.  (2009). Use of Quality of Life Inventory for measuring quality of life changes in an inpatient psychiatric population. Psychological Reports, 104, 1-8.

Morsette, A., Swaney, G., Stolle, D., Schuldberg, D., Young, M., & van den Pol, R. (2009). Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools (CBITS): School-based treatment on a rural American Indian reservation. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 40, 169-178.

Giannini, M., Schuldberg, D., Di Fabio, A., & Gargaro, D. (2008). Misurare l’ottimismo: Proprietà psicometriche della versione italiana del Life Orientation Test - Revised (LOT-R) [Measuring optimism: Psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Life Orientation Test - Revised (LOT-R)]. Counseling (Edizioni Erickson), 1(1).

Schuldberg, D. (2007). Living well creatively: What’s chaos got to do with it? In R. Richards (Ed.), Everyday Creativity and New Views of Human Nature: Psychological, Social, and Spiritual Perspectives, Chapter 2. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association Press. Chinese translation (2009). Taipei, Taiwan: Wu-Nan Book Company.

Schuldberg, D. (2006). Nonlinear dynamics of Positive Psychology: Parameters, models, and searching for a systems summum bonum. Chapter in A. D. Ong & M. van Dulmen (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Methods in Positive Psychology, pp. 423-436. N.Y.: Oxford University Press.

Schuldberg, D. (2006). Complicato, ma non troppo: A small nonlinear model and the good life. In, A. Delle Fave (Ed.), Dimensions of well-being. Research and intervention, pp. 552-566. Milano: Franco Angeli (Selected Papers, 2nd European Conference on Positive Psychology, Verbania Pallanza, Italy).

Atkins, T., van den Pol, R., & Schuldberg, D. (2006). Safe School Assessment and Resource Bank: A research based instrument to monitor school climate and safety.  Communiqué (Newspaper of the National Association of School Psychologists),35 (1), 45-47.

Schuldberg, D. (2005). Eysenck Personality Questionnaire scales and paper-and-pencil tests related to creativity. Psychological Reports, 97, 180-182.

Gottlieb, J. D., Pryzgoda, J., Neal, A., & Schuldberg, D. (2005). Generalization of Skills through the addition of individualized coaching: Development and evaluation of a Social Skills Training program in a rural setting. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 12, 324-338.

Schuldberg, D. (2005). What diversity means to one UM faculty member. The Montana Professor, 16, 7-11 (

Schuldberg, D. (2002). Theoretical contributions of complex systems to positive psychology and health: A Somewhat-complicated affair. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology and Life Sciences, special issue on creative theory, 6, 335-350.

Schuldberg, D., & Gottlieb, J. (2002). Dynamics and correlates of microscopic changes in affect. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology and Life Sciences, 6, 231-257.

Toomey, R., Schuldberg, D., Corrigan, P., & Green, M. F. (2002). Nonverbal social perception and symptomatology in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 53, 83-91.

Schuldberg, D. (2000-2001). Six subclinical “spectrum” traits in “normal creativity.” In special issue of Creativity Research Journal, edited and with commentary by L. A. Sass and D. Schuldberg, 13 (1), 5-16.

Schuldberg, D., & Sass, L. A. (1999). Schizophrenia. In M. Runco & S. Pritzker (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Creativity, Volume 2, pp. 501-514. NY: Wiley.

Schuldberg, D., Quinlan, D. M., & Glazer, W. (1999). Positive and negative symptoms and adjustment in severely mentally ill outpatients. Psychiatry Research, 85, 177-188.

Schuldberg, D. (1998). Creativity, bipolarity, and the dynamics of style. In S. W. Russ (Ed.), Affect, creative experience, and psychological adjustment, pp. 221-237. Washington, D. C.: Taylor and Francis.

Toomey, R., Wallace, C. J., Corrigan, P. W., Schuldberg, D., & Green, M. F. (1997). Social processing correlates of nonverbal social perception in schizophrenia. Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes, 60, 292-300.

Schuldberg, D. (1996). How to do things with “health”: Reflections on ego-strength and the theory and measurement of psychological well-being. In A. Montuori (Ed.), Unusual associates: A festschrift for Frank Barron, Chapter 9 (pp. 81-92). Cresskill, N.J.: Hampton Press.

Rasulis, R. G., Jr., Schuldberg, D., & Murtagh, M. (1996). Computer administered testing with the Rotter Incomplete Sentence Blank. Computers in Human Behavior, 12, 497-513.

Schuldberg, D., Karwacki, S., & Burns, G. L. (1996). Stress, coping, and social support in hypothetically psychosis-prone subjects. Psychological Reports, 78, 1267-1283.

Quinlan, D. M., Schuldberg, D., Morgenstern, H., & Glazer, W. (1995). Positive and negative symptom course in chronic community-based patients: A two-year prospective study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 166, 634-641.

Toomey, R., & Schuldberg, D. (1995). Recognition and judgment of facial stimuli in schizotypal subjects. Journal of Communication Disorders, 28, 193-203. (ERIC Abstract Number EJ510083.)

Gruen, R. J., Schuldberg, D., Nelson, E. A., Epstein, L., Weiss, L., & Quinlan, D. M. (1994). Network orientation and depressive symptomatology: Development of the Network Utilization Scale. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 13, 352-365.

Schuldberg, D. (1994). Giddiness and Horror in the creative process. In M. P. Shaw & M. A. Runco (Eds.), Creativity and Affect, pp. 87-101. Greenwich, CT: Ablex.

Schuldberg, D. (1994). Antidepressant use and creativity. Focus: A Guide to AIDS Research and Counseling, 8, 5-6.

French, C., & Schuldberg, D. (1994). Anhedonia and the intentional communication of emotion. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 79, 1075-1088.

Schuldberg, D. (1993). Personal Resourcefulness: Positive aspects of functioning in high-risk research. Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes, 56, 137-152.

Schuldberg, D., & Blum, C. (1993). Independent Living Skills and hypothetical psychosis-proneness. Journal of Community Psychology, 21, 179-187.

Schuldberg, D. (1992). Ego-strength revised: A comparison of the MMPI-2 and MMPI-1 versions of the Barron Ego-strength scale. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 48, 500-505.

Schuldberg, D., & Guisinger, S. (1991). Divorced fathers describe their former wives: Devaluation and contrast. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 14, 3/4, 61-87.

Also published in: S. S. Volgy (Ed.) (1991). Women and divorce/Men and divorce: Gender differences in separation, divorce, and remarriage (pp. 61-87). Binghamton, NY: Haworth.

Available on-line:

Schuldberg, D., Quinlan, D. M., Morgenstern, H., & Glazer, W. (1990). Positive and negative symptoms in chronic psychiatric outpatients: Reliability, stability, and factor structure. Psychological Assessment: A Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2, 262-268.

Schuldberg, D. (1990). Varieties of inconsistency across test occasions: Effects of computerized test administration and repeated testing. Journal of Personality Assessment, 55, 168-182.

Schuldberg, D. (1990). Schizotypal and hypomanic traits, creativity, and psychological health. Creativity Research Journal, 3, 219-231.

Reprinted in M. A. Runco & R. Richards (Eds.) (1997), Eminent creativity, everyday creativity, and health (Chapter 9, pp. 157-172). Greenwich, Ct: Ablex.

Schuldberg, D., & Nichols, W. G. (1990). Using HyperCard to administer a figural test on the Apple Macintosh. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers, 22, 417-420.

Schuldberg, D., Singer, M. T., & Wynne, L. C. (1990). Competence-enhancing communication (CE) in parents of high-risk children. Journal of Family Psychology, 3, 254-271.

Allen, J., & Schuldberg, D. (1989). Positive thought disorder in an hypothetically psychosis-prone population. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 98, 491-494.

Guisinger, S., Cowan, P. A., & Schuldberg, D. (1989). Changing parent and spouse relations in the first years of remarriage of divorced fathers. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 51, 445-456. (ERIC Abstract Number EJ398651.)

Schuldberg, D., & London, A. (1989). Psychological differentiation and schizotypal symptoms: Negative results with the Group Embedded Figures Test. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 68, 1219-1226.

Schuldberg, D., French, C., Stone, B. L., & Heberle, J. (1988). Creativity and schizotypal traits: Creativity test scores, Perceptual Aberration, Magical Ideation, and Impulsive Nonconformity. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 176, 648-657.

Schuldberg, D. (1988). The MMPI is less sensitive to the automated testing format than it is to repeated testing: Item and scale effects. Computers in Human Behavior, 4, 285-298. (ERIC Abstract Number EJ390901.)

Schuldberg, D. (1987). A simple BASIC program for eliciting language samples. Micropsych Network, 3, 79-82.

Schuldberg, D., & Boster, J. S. (1985). Back to Topeka: Two types of distance in Rapaport's original thought disorder categories. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 94, 205-215.

Schuldberg, D., & Korchin, S. J. (1984). Clinical Assessment. In R. J. Corsini (Ed.), Wiley Encyclopedia of Psychology. NY: Wiley.

Condensed: In R. J. Corsini (Ed.) (1987), Wiley condensed encyclopedia of psychology. NY: Wiley.

Reprinted: In R. J. Corsini & A. J. Auerbach (Eds.) (1998), Concise encyclopedia of psychology (Second Edition, Abridged). NY: Wiley.

Reprinted: In Craighead, W. E., & Nemeroff, C. B. (Eds.) (2001), The Corsini encyclopedia of psychology and behavioral science (Third Edition), Vol. 1. NY: Wiley.

Garfield, C. A., Larson, D. G., & Schuldberg, D. (1982). Mental health training and the hospice community: A national survey. Death Education, 6, 189-204.

Korchin, S. J., & Schuldberg, D. (1981). The future of clinical assessment. American Psychologist, 36, 1147-1158.

Translated as: Korchin, S. J., & Schuldberg, D. (1987). El futuro de la evaluacion clinica. In A. Avila Espada & C. Rodriguez Sutil (Eds.), Psicodiagnostico clinico (Lecturas Escogidas), Chapter 3, pp. 67-83. Bilbao, Spain: Biblioteca de Psicologia, Desclee de Brouwer.

Emanuel, I., Culver, B. H., Erickson, J. D., Guthrie, B., & Schuldberg, D. (1973). The further epidemiological differentiation of cleft lip and palate: A population study of clefts in King County, Washington, 1956-65. Teratology, 7, 271-281.

International Experience

Integrazione delle scuole interpersonali: Le teorie e le applicazioni [Integration of the interpersonal schools: Theory and applications], two-day workshop presented (in Italian) to the Scuola di Psicoterapia Comparata [School of Comparative Psychotherapy], Florence, Italy, June 13-14, 2009.

Visiting Professor, Professore di Chiara Fama (“Clear Fame”) Program, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Florence, Italy, March 20-30, 2006. Collaborative research with prof. Marco Giannini.

Presentation (with S. Guisinger), “Adapted to Flee Famine,” Il Centro per la cura dei DCA, Pallazzo Francisci, Todi, Italy, August 4, 2015.

“FormazionI sulla metodologia della ricerca” [Lessons on research methodology], delivered to staff of Palazzo Francesci, Todi. Italy, May 8, June 12, 2018.

With Shan Guisinger:

“Biology and psychology of evolutionary adaptations to famine in sports” (with S. Guisinger), 3rd SIRIDAP Congress ,“L’altra faccia della medaglia: Iperattività, sport e Disturbi del Comportamento Alimentare” [The other side of the coin: Hyperactivity, sports, and eating disorders], Todi, Italy, May 25 2018.                   

 “Nuovo paradigma evoluzionistico nei Disturbi del Comportamento Alimentare ‘Adapted to flee famine’" [New evolutionary paradigm of disorders of eating behavior: Adapted to Flee Famine]” (with S. Guisinger), presented to Congress On Psicobiologia Del Comportamento Alimentare: Università E Professioni A Confronto [Congress on Psychobiology of Eating Behavior: Universities and Professions Compared], Policlinico Universitario Campus Bio-Medico, University of Rome, May 11, 2018.

“The biology and psychology of evolutionary adaptations to famine” (with S. Guisinger), seminar delivered to students in the Corso di Laurea Magistrale in Scienze dell’Alimentazione Umana, Università Campus Bio-Medico, University of Rome, May 2, 2018.

 “The biology and psychology of evolutionary adaptations to famine” (with Drs. S. Guisinger and S. Marucci), seminar at Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro, Scuola di Medicina, Corso di Laurea in Dietistica, April 19, 2018.