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Conway, L. G., III, Chan, L., & Woodard, S. R. (2019). Socio-ecological influences on political ideologyCurrent Opinion in Psychology, 32, 76-80.  .

Conway, L. G., III, & McFarland, J. D. (2019).  Do Right-Wing and Left-Wing Authoritarianism predict election outcomes?: Support for Obama and Trump across two United States presidential elections.  Personality and Individual Differences, 138, 84-87.

Conway, L. G., III, & Repke, M. A. (2019). The psychological contamination of pro-environmental consensus:  Political pressure for environmental belief agreement undermines its long-term powerJournal of Environmental Psychology, 62, 12-21.

Houck, S. C., & Conway, L. G. III. (2019).  Strategic communication and the integrative complexity-ideology relationship: Meta-analytic findings reveal differences between public politicians and private citizens in their use of simple rhetoricPolitical Psychology. DOI:10.1111/pops.12583

Houck, S. C., McFarland, J., VanderDrift, L. E., & Conway, L. G. III. (2019).  When beliefs lead to (im)moral action: How believing in torture’s effectiveness shapes the endorsement of its use. Political Psychology. DOI:10.1111/pops.12590

Van de Vliert, E., & Conway, L. G. III.  (2019). Northerners and Southerners differ in conflict culture. Negotiation and Conflict Management Research, 12(3), 256-277.

Chan, L., & Conway, L. G., III.  (2018). Autocratic government moderates the relationship between culture and legal restrictionJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology49, 1457–1463.  DOI: 10.1177/0022022118793538 

Conway, L. G., III, Houck, S. C., Gornick, L. J., Repke, M. R. (2018).  Finding the Loch Ness Monster: Left-Wing Authoritarianism in the United StatesPolitical Psychology, 39, 1049-1067. [Featured in a virtual issue of Political Psychology containing Most-Cited Papers from 2016-2018:; also awarded Top 20 Most Downloaded Articles 2017-2018 by Wiley for Political Psychology].

Chan, L., McFarland, J. D., & Conway, L. G., III.  (2018).  Political contamination of social psychology: A review of Crawford and Jussim’s (2017) edited book ‘The politics of social psychology.’  Social Justice Research. Advance online publication. DOI: 10.1007/s11211-018-0312-y 

Conway, L. G., III, Suedfeld, P., & Tetlock, P. E. (2018).  Integrative complexity in politics.  In A. Mintz (Ed.), Oxford Handbook of Behavioral Political Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press. DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190634131.013.7

Houck, S. C., Conway, L. G. III, Parrow, K., & Luce, A., & Salvati, J. (2018). An integrative complexity analysis of religious and irreligious thinkingSage Open. 

Repke, M. A., Berry, M. S., Conway, L. G., III, Metcalf, A., Hensen, R. M., & Phelan, C. (2018).  How does nature exposure make people healthier?: Evidence for the role of impulsivity and expanded space perceptionPLoS ONE, 13:e0202246. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0202246

Conway, L. G., III, Bongard, K., Plaut, V. C., Gornick,L. J., Dodds, D., Giresi, T., Tweed, R. G., Repke, M. A., & Houck, S. C. (2017). Ecological origins of freedom: Pathogens, heat stress, and frontier topography predict more vertical but less horizontal governmental restriction. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 43, 1378-1398.  DOI: 10.1177/0146167217713192

Conway, L. G., III, Boyd, R. L., Dennehy, T. C., Mills, D. J., & Repke, M. A. (2017). Political behavior inside and outside the lab: Bringing political research to the real world. Translational Issues in Psychological Science, 3, 227-230. 

Conway, L. G. III, Harris, K. J., Catley, D., Gornick, L. J., Conway, K. R., Repke, M. A., Houck, C. (2017). Cognitive complexity of clients and counselors during motivation-based treatment for smoking cessation: An observational study on occasional smokers in a U.S. college sample. BMJ Open, 0 :e015849. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-015849 

Conway, L. G., III, Repke, M. A., & Houck, S. C. (2017). Donald Trump as a cultural revolt against perceived communication restriction: Priming political correctness norms causes more Trump support. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 5, 244-259.

Houck, S. C., Repke, M. A., & Conway, L. G., III.  (2017). Understanding what makes terrorist groups’ propaganda effective: An integrative complexity analysis of ISIL and Al QaedaJournal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism, 12, 105-118. DOI:10.1080/18335330.2017.1351032

McCullough, H., & Conway, L. G., III.  (2017). The cognitive complexity of Miss Piggy and Osama Bin Laden: Examining linguistic differences between fiction and realityPsychology of Popular Media Culture. Advance online publication.

McCullough, H., & Conway, L. G., III.  (2017). “And the Oscar goes to…”: Integrative complexity’s predictive power in the film industry.  Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. Advance online publication. DOI:

Repke, M. A., Conway, L. G., III, & Houck, S. C. (2017).  The strategic manipulation of linguistic complexity: A test of two models of lying.  Journal of Language and Social Psychology. Advance online publication.  DOI: 10.1177/0261927X17706943

Tweed, R. G., Mah, E., Dobrin, M., Van Poele, R., & Conway, L. G., III. (2017). Can positive psychology influence public policy and practice?  In C. Proctor (Ed.), Positive Psychology Interventions in Practice (pp. 257-271).  New York: Springer. 

Conway, L. G., III, Repke, M. A., & Houck, S. C. (2016).  Psychological spacetime: Implications of relativity theory for time perceptionSAGE Open. DOI: 10.1177/2158244016674511

Conway, L. G., III, Houck, S. C., Gornick, L. J., & Repke, M. A. (2016).  Ideologically-motivated perceptions of complexity: Believing those who agree with you are more complex than they are.  Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 35, 708-718. 

Berry, M. S., Repke, M. A., Nickerson, N. P., Conway, L. G., III, Odum, A., & Jordan, K. E. (2015).  The nature of self-control: Visual exposure to natural environments decreases impulsivity and lengthens time perceptionPLoS ONE, 10: e0141030. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0141030

Conway, L. G., Gornick, L. J., Houck, S. C., Anderson, C., Stockert, J., Sessoms, D. and McCue, K. (2015). Are conservatives really more simple-minded than liberals? The domain specificity of complex thinking. Political Psychology. doi: 10.1111/pops.12304 

Houck, S. C., & Conway, L. G., III. (2015). Ethically investigating torture efficacy: A new methodology to test the influence of pain on decision-making processes in experimental interrogation scenarios. Journal of Applied Security Research, 10, 510-524.

Conway, L. G., III, Conway, K. R., Gornick, L. J., & Houck, S. C. (2014). Automated integrative complexity. Political Psychology, 35, 603-624.

Conway, L. G., III, Houck, S. C., & Gornick, L. J. (2014). Regional differences in individualism and why they matter.  In J. Rentfrow (Ed.), Psychological Geography (pp. 31-50). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Houck, S. C., Conway, L. G., III, & Gornick, L. J. (2014). Automated integrative complexity: Current challenges and future directions. Political Psychology, 35, 647-659.

Houck, S. C., Conway, L. G., III, & Repke, M. (2014). Personal closeness and perceived torture efficacy: If torture will save someone I’m close to, then it must work. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 20, 590-592.

Houck, S. C., & Conway, L. G., III. (2013). What people think about torture:  Torture is inherently bad…unless it can save someone I love. Journal of Applied Security Research, 8, 429-454.

Cvasa, G. P., Conway, L. G., III, Houck, S. C., & Gornick, L. J. (2013). Achievement.  In Ken Keith (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural Psychology (pp. 1318-1321). Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell.

Gornick, L. J., Conway, L. G., III, Cvasa, G. P., & Houck, S. C. (2013). Cultural transmission.  In Ken Keith (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural Psychology (pp. 335-338). Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell.

Houck, S. C., Conway, L. G., III, Gornick, L. J., & Cvasa, G. P. (2013). Terrorism.  In Ken Keith (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural Psychology (pp. 1280-1283). Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell.

Conway, L. G., III, Gornick, L. J., Burfiend, C., Mandella, P., Kuenzli, A., Houck, S. C., & Fullerton, D. T. (2012).  Does simple rhetoric win elections? An integrative complexity analysis of U.S. presidential campaigns. Political Psychology, 33, 599-618.

Leung, K.  Lam, B. C. P,  Bond M. H., Conway L. G., III, Gornick, L. J., Amponsah, B.,Boehnke, K., Burgess, S. M., Golestaneh, M., Busch, H., Hofer, J., Espinosa, A. D. C. D., Fardis, M., Ismail, R., Kurman, J., Lebedeva, N., Tatarko, A. N., Sam, D. L, Teixeira, M. L. M.,Yamaguchi, S., Fukuzawa, Ai., Zhang, J., & Zhou, F. (2012). Refining the Social Axioms Survey: Development and Evaluation in Eleven Countries and its Relationship with the Five-Factor Model of Personality. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 43, 833-857.

Conway, L. G., III, & Conway, K. R. (2011). The terrorist rhetorical style and its consequences for understanding terrorist violence. Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict, 4, 175-192.  [Reprinted in Smith, A. (Ed.), The Relationship Between Rhetoric and Terrorist Violence. New York: Routledge.]

Conway, L.G., III, & Gornick, L. J. (2011).  Cognitive complexity. In D. Christie (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Peace Psychology (pp. 849-853) . Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell.

Conway, L. G., III, Gornick, L. J., Houck, S. C., Hands Towgood, K., & Conway, K. R. (2011). The hidden implications of radical group rhetoric: Integrative complexity and terrorism. Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict, 4, 155-165.  [Reprinted in Smith, A. (Ed.), The Relationship Between Rhetoric and Terrorist Violence. New York: Routledge.]

Conway, L. G. III, Dodds, D., Hands Towgood, K., McClure, S, & Olson, J.  (2011). The biological roots of complex thinking: Are heritable attitudes more complex? Journal of Personality, 79, 101-134.

Gornick, L. J., & Conway, L.G., III.  (2011).  Political psychology and peace. In D. Christie (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Peace Psychology (pp. 139-143). Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell.

Liht, J., Conway, L. G. III, Savage, S., White, W., O’Neill, K. A. (2011). Religious fundamentalism: An empirically derived construct and measurement scale. Archive for the Psychology of Religion, 33, 299-323.

Kitayama, S., Conway, L. G., III, Pietromonaco, P.R., Park, H., & Plaut, V. C. (2010).  Ethos of Independence Across Regions in the United States: The Production-Adoption Model of Cultural Change. American Psychologist, 65, 559-574.

Schaller, M., Conway, L. G., III, & Peavey, K. M. (2010). Evolutionary processes. In J. F. Dovidio, M Hewsone, P. Glick, & V. M. Esses (Eds.), Handbook of Prejudice, Stereotyping, and Discrimination (pp. 81-96).  Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Press.

Conway, L. G., III, Salcido, A., Gornick, L. J., Bongard, K. A., Moran, M., & Burfiend, C. (2009). When self-censorship norms backfire: The manufacturing of positive communication and its ironic consequences for the perceptions of groups. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 31, 335-347. 

Tweed, R. G., & Conway, L. G., III (2009). Personal resilience in the midst of crisis: Empirical findings from positive psychology.  LCC Liberal Arts Studies, 2, 25-43. 

Conway, L. G., III., Thoemmes, F., Allison, A. M., Hands Towgood, K., Wagner, M., Davey, K.,Salcido, A., Stovall, A., Dodds, D. P., Bongard, K., & Conway, K. R. (2008). Two ways to be complex and why they matter: Implications for attitude strength and lying. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 1029-1044.

Smith, A. G., Suedfeld, P., Conway, L. G., III, & Winter, D. G. (2008). The language of violence: Distinguishing terrorist from nonterrorist groups by thematic content analysis. Dynamics of Assymmetric Conflict, 1, 142-163.

Thoemmes, F., & Conway, L. G., III. (2007). Integrative complexity of 41 U.S. presidents. Political Psychology, 28, 193-226.

Conway, L. G., III, & Schaller, M. (2007). How communication shapes culture. In K. Fiedler (Ed.),  Frontiers of Social Psychology: Social communication (pp. 107-127). New York: Psychology Press.

Conway, L. G., III, Clements, S. M., & Tweed, R. G. (2006). Collectivism and governmentally initiated restrictions: A cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis across nations and within a nation. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 37, 1-23. 

Tweed, R. G., & Conway, L. G., III. (2006). Coping strategies and culturally influenced beliefs about the world. In Paul T. P. Wong, & Lilian C. J. Wong (Eds.), Handbook of multicultural perspectives on stress and coping: International and cultural psychology series (pp. 133-153). Dallas, TX: Spring Publications.

Conway, L. G., III, & Schaller, M. (2005). When authority’s commands backfire: Attributions about consensus and effects on deviant decision making. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 89, 311-326. 

Suedfeld, P., Leighton, D.C., & Conway, L.G. III (2005).  Integrative complexity and decision-making in international confrontations.  In M. Fitzduff & C.E. Stout (Eds.), The psychology of resolving global conflicts: From war to peace. Volume 1, Nature vs. Nurture (pp. 211-237).  New York: Praeger.

Conway, L. G., III. (2004). Social contagion of time perception. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40 , 113-120. 

Conway, L. G., III. (2004). Political bias at an academic meeting. Clio’s Psyche, 11, 54- 55.

Schaller, M., & Conway, L. G., III. (2004). The substance of prejudice: Biological- and social-evolutionary perspectives on cognition, culture, and the contents of stereotypical beliefs. In C. S. Crandall & M. Schaller (Eds.), The social psychology of prejudice: Historical and contemporary issues (pp. 149-164).  Lawrence, KS: Lewinian Press.

Schaller, M., Conway, L. G., III & Crandall, C. S. (2004). The psychological foundations of culture: An Introduction. In M. Schaller & C. S. Crandall (Eds.) The psychological foundations of culture (pp. 3-12). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Conway, L. G., III, Suedfeld, P., & Clements, S. M. (2003). Beyond the American reaction: Integrative complexity of Middle Eastern leaders during the 9/11 crisis. Psicologia Politica, 27 , 93-103.

Conway, L. G., III, & Schaller, M. (2002). On the verifiability of evolutionary psychological theories: An analysis of the psychology of scientific persuasion. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 6, 152-166.  (Recipient of 2001 SPSP Student Publication Award—Honorable Mention).

Schaller, M., Conway, L. G., III, & Tanchuk, T. (2002). Selective pressures on the once and future contents of ethnic stereotypes: Effects of the 'communicability' of traits. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 861-877.

Conway, L. G., III, Schaller, M., Tweed, R. G., & Hallett, D. (2001). The complexity of thinking across cultures: Interactions between culture and situational context. Social Cognition, 19, 230-253. 

Conway, L. G., III, Ryder, A. G., Tweed, R. G., & Sokol, B. W. (2001). Intra-national cultural variation: Exploring further implications of collectivism within the United States. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 32, 681-697.

Conway, L. G., III. (2001). Number and age of citations in social-personality psychology over the lifespan of the field: Older and wiser? Dialogue, 16(2),  14-15.

Conway, L. G., III, Suedfeld, P., & Tetlock, P. E. (2001). Integrative complexity and political decisions that lead to war or peace. In D. J. Christie, R. V. Wagner, & D. Winter (Eds.), Peace, conflict, and violence: Peace psychology for the 21st century (pp. 66-75). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Schaller, M., & Conway, L. G., III (2001). From cognition to culture: The origins of stereotypes that really matter. In G. B. Moscowitz (Ed.), Cognitive social psychology: The Princeton symposium on the legacy and future of social cognition (pp. 163-176). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Suedfeld, P., Conway, L. G., III, & Eichhorn, D. (2001). Studying Canadian leaders at a distance. In O. Feldman & L. Valenty (Eds.), Political leadership for the new century: Lessons from the cross-cultural study of personality and behavior (pp. 3-19). Westport, CT: Greenwood.

Schaller, M., & Conway, L. G., III (2000). The illusion of unfalsifiability and why it matters. Psychological Inquiry, [Invited commentary] 11, 49-52.

Conway, L. G., III (1999). Noise, logic, and the span of time. American Psychologist, [Comment] 54, 440-441. 

Schaller, M., & Conway, L. G., III (1999). Influence of impression-management goals on the emerging contents of group stereotypes: Support for a social-evolutionary process. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25, 819-833.

Tweed, R., Conway, L. G., III, & Ryder, A. G. (1999). The target is straw or the arrow is crooked. American Psychologist, [Comment] 54, 837-838.

Conway, L. G., III, & Schaller, M. (1998). Methods for the measurement of consensual beliefs within groups. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 2, 241-252. 

Conway, L. G, III, Houck, S. C., Chan, L., Repke, M. A., & McFarland, J. (book chapter under contract; forthcoming, March 2020). The agreement paradox: How pressures for agreement can ultimately divide us. In J.-W. van Prooijen (Ed.), Current Issues in Social Psychology: Political Polarization. New York: Routledge.

Houck, S. C. & Conway, L.G., III. (book chapter under contract; forthcoming, April 2020). Automated language analysis: Integrative complexity. In R. Boyd & M. Dehghani (Eds.), The Atlas of Language Analysis in Psychology. New York: Guilford Press.

Berry, M.S., Repke, M.A., & Conway, L.G., III. (manuscript under second review). Discounting of environmental air quality.

Conway, L. G., III, & Woodard, S. (manuscript under second review).  Integrative complexity across domains and across time: Evidence from political and health domains. 

Tweed, R. G., Mah, E. Y., & Conway, L. G., III. (manuscript under second review). Bringing coherence to positive psychology: Faith in humanity.

Berry, M.S., Repke, M.A., Rodzon, K.S., Conway, L.G., III, Jordan, K.E., & Odum, A.L. (manuscript under review). Positive mood induction increases impulsivity in a delay discounting task. 

Conway, L. G., III., & Conway, K. R. (manuscript under review). Validating automated integrative complexity: Passing the Donald Trump test.

Conway, L. G., III & Houck, S.C. (manuscript under review). Conservative politicians (but not private citizens) are less integratively complex than liberals: More evidence for the Strategic Ideological Communication Model.

Conway, L. G., III, & Zubrod, A. (manuscript under review). The integrative complexity of Donald Trump: Is Trump a unique outlier or an extension of a republican trend towards simplicity?

Conway, L. G., III, Van de Vliert, E., & Chan, L. (manuscript under review). The geography of literacy: Understanding poleward increases in literacy rates

Conway, L. G., III, Houck, S. C., & Repke, M. R. (manuscript in progress).  Resource scarcity and integrative complexity: Triangulating evidence that resource threat makes humans think less dialectically.

Conway, L. G., III, McFarland, J. D., Costello, T. H., & Lilienfeld, S. O. (manuscript in progress). The curious case of left-wing authoritarianism: When authoritarian persons  meet anti-authoritarian norms.


“Informational contamination, reactance, and the election of Donald Trump.” University of Montana Experimental Psychology Brownbag, March 2017.

“The secret psychological influence of expectations for agreement: Do conformity pressures ultimately create a happy or a divided society?”  Flathead Valley Community College, Honors Symposium Lecture Series, March 2016.

“Getting in to graduate school in psychology.” Invited Presentation/Discussant, University of Montana Psychology Club, March 2016.

“From basic to applied: Cognitive complexity and smoking cessation.”  University of Montana Social Science Research Seminar, February 2015.

“To curve or not to curve: Should we adjust our expectations based on student performance?”  Invited Presentation/Discussant, Pedagogy Project, University of Montana Faculty Development Office, September 2014.

“Are lies really tangled webs?: The effect of lying on language complexity.”  Montana State University Psychology Department, September 2013.

“Where does complex language come from?”  The University of Montana Philosophy Forum, September 2013.

“Effective political communication: Are complex messages more persuasive?" The Wilderness Society, Bozeman, Montana, June, 2008.

“The contamination of cultural beliefs: Cognitive consequences of perceived social pressure.”  The University of Michigan, Culture and Cognition Program, January 2007.

“Is a lie more complex than the truth?”  The University of Montana, Department of Psychology,November, 2004.

“The persistence of shared beliefs:  Counterintuitive lessons from attribution theory.”  Eastern Illinois University, Department of Psychology, March, 2004.

“When Social Psychological Axioms Fail: Attributions About Consensus and Ironic Consequences on the Persistence of Shared Beliefs.”  Purdue University, Social Psychology Program Brownbag, April, 2003.

“Applied Social Psychology.”  Indiana State University, Psi Chi and Psychological Society, October, 2001.

“Cognition, Communication, and the Formation of Stereotypes.”  The University of Montana,    Department of Psychology, April, 1996.